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1940 – The McCollum memo sets out a plan of action in the Pacific

7 October – On this day

The McCollum memo, also known as the Eight Action Memo was a memorandum, dated on this day in 1940 (more than a year before the Pearl Harbour attack), sent by Lieutenant Commander Arthur H. McCollum, in his capacity as director of the Office of Naval Intelligence’s Far East Asia section. It gained notoriety when an author suggested it was part of a conspiracy by the Roosevelt Administration to provoke war with Japan. Continue reading “1940 – The McCollum memo sets out a plan of action in the Pacific”

1973 – Arab-Israeli War begins on Yom Kippur

6 October – On this day

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War also known as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, began on this day in 1973 when a coalition of Arab states led by Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. Continue reading “1973 – Arab-Israeli War begins on Yom Kippur”

1962 – Dr. No premiers beginning the James Bond franchise

5 October – On this day

Dr. No is a 1962 British spy film, starring Sean Connery; it is the first James Bond film. Based on the 1958 novel of the same name by Ian Fleming, it was adapted by Richard Maibaum, Johanna Harwood, and Berkely Mather and was directed by Terence Young. The film was produced by Harry Saltzman and Albert R. Broccoli, a partnership that would continue until 1975. Continue reading “1962 – Dr. No premiers beginning the James Bond franchise”

1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

3 October – On this day

Robert Roy MacGregor (baptised 7 March 1671 – 28 December 1734) was a Jacobite and Scottish outlaw, who later became a folk hero. He has been called “the Scottish Robin Hood”. Continue reading “1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor”

1470 – Richard Neville forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands

2 October

Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471), was an English nobleman, and one of the premier Yorkist leaders in the Wars of the Roses. The son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age, and he was instrumental in the deposition of two kings, a fact which later earned him his epithet of “Kingmaker” to later generations. Continue reading “1470 – Richard Neville forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands”

1553 – The Coronation of Mary Tudor

1 October – On this day

Mary Tudor (18 February 1516 – 17 November 1558) was the Queen Mary I of England from July 1553 (coronation on this day) until her death. Her executions of Protestants caused her opponents to give her the sobriquet “Bloody Mary”. Continue reading “1553 – The Coronation of Mary Tudor”

1399 – Henry of Bolingbroke is proclaimed King of England.

30 September – On this day

King Henry IV of England (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413) ruled from 1399 to 1413 and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France. He was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, hence his other name, Henry of Bolingbroke. Continue reading “1399 – Henry of Bolingbroke is proclaimed King of England.”

WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Battle of Britain

25 – 30 September – On this day

The German attacks in this period are sent mostly against aircraft factories. Continue reading “WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Battle of Britain”

1106 – The Battle of Tinchebray

28 September – On this day

The Battle of Tinchebray was fought on this day in 1106, in the town of Tinchebray, Normandy, between an invading force led by King Henry I of England, and his older brother Robert Curthose, the Duke of Normandy. Continue reading “1106 – The Battle of Tinchebray”

1590 – Pope Urban VII dies making this the shortest papacy in history.

27 September – On this day

Pope Urban VII (4 August 1521 – 27 September 1590), born Giovanni Battista Castagna, was Pope from 15 to 27 September 1590. His twelve-day papacy was the shortest in history. Continue reading “1590 – Pope Urban VII dies making this the shortest papacy in history.”

1908 – The first production of the Ford Model T

27 September – On this day

The Ford Model T is an automobile that was produced by Ford Motor Company from 1 October, 1908, to 26 May, 1927. It is generally regarded as the first affordable automobile, the car that opened travel to the common middle-class American; some of this was because of Ford’s efficient fabrication, including assembly line production instead of individual hand crafting. Continue reading “1908 – The first production of the Ford Model T”

1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins when the Ottomans attack the city.

27 September – On this day

The Siege of Vienna in 1529 was the first attempt by the Ottoman Empire, led by Suleiman the Magnificent, to capture the city of Vienna, Austria. Continue reading “1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins when the Ottomans attack the city.”

1934 – The passenger liner RMS Queen Mary is launched.

26 September – On this day

RMS Queen Mary was launch on this day in 1934. It is now retired and was an ocean liner that sailed primarily on the North Atlantic Ocean from 1936 to 1967 for the Cunard Line. Continue reading “1934 – The passenger liner RMS Queen Mary is launched.”

1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic

26 September – On this day

Aérospatiale-BAC Concorde is a turbojet-powered supersonic passenger jet airliner. It featured a maximum speed over twice the speed of sound at Mach 2.04, with seating for 92 to 128 passengers. Continue reading “1973 – Concorde makes its first non-stop crossing of the Atlantic”

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