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Egypt

1885 – The Fall of Khartoum

Fall of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. After a siege of almost a year from 13 March, 1884, to 26 January, 1885 the Mahdist army stormed the city. Continue reading “1885 – The Fall of Khartoum”

Satellite images show spike in looting at Egyptian sites

It appears that an increase in political and economic instability has led to an increase in the looting of ancient sites in Egypt. Continue reading “Satellite images show spike in looting at Egyptian sites”

Egyptian Solar boat discovered

ARCHAEOLOGISTS have uncovered a boat intended to carry the soul of its owner to the stars buried under the ruins of a 4500-year-old Egyptian tomb.  Continue reading “Egyptian Solar boat discovered”

Staff charged over damage to Tutankhamen’s Mask

Eight museum employees are now facing charges over the botched restoration of the burial mask of Tutankhamun in Egypt.

This was announced on Saturday by Egyptian prosecutors who claimed that professional methods were violated by the staff members. Continue reading “Staff charged over damage to Tutankhamen’s Mask”

1916 – WWI: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula

23 December

The Battle of Magdhaba took place on this day in 1916 during the Defence of Egypt section of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the First World War. The attack by the Anzac Mounted Division took place against an entrenched Ottoman Army garrison to the south and east of Bir Lahfan in the Sinai desert, some 18–25 miles (29–40 km) inland from the Mediterranean coast. This Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory against the Ottoman Empire garrison also secured the town of El Arish after the Ottoman garrison withdrew. Continue reading “1916 – WWI: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula”

Tutankhamen’s tomb almost certain to have hidden chamber

Researchers working on the tomb of Tutankhamen investigating the theory put forward by Nicholas Reeves have announced that Continue reading “Tutankhamen’s tomb almost certain to have hidden chamber”

1922 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon enter the tomb of Tutankhamun

26 November

Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon become the first people to enter the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun in over 3000 years. Continue reading “1922 – Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon enter the tomb of Tutankhamun”

One step closer to finding Nefertiti tomb?

In what is possibly the best evidence yet that Nicholas Reeves’ theory that Tutankhamen is to contains additional chambers has legs. Scientists from the Ministry of antiquities, Cairo University and the Heritage Innovation and Preservation Institute in Paris conducted a scan on the inside of Tutankhamen’s tomb using Infrared thermography technology last week. Continue reading “One step closer to finding Nefertiti tomb?”

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The first issue of the History Bytez Magazine has just had a final edit, and will be released very shortly. The first issue is 68 pages long and includes feature articles on the Italian Sahariano tank that never made it beyond prototype stage and the first eyewitness recorded battle, Megiddo we also test drive a Roman tuna recipe and lots more.

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Restoration of Tut’s beard video

You might remember a story we put up some time ago about the mask of Tutankhamen being damaged and the beard breaking off as a result. Continue reading “Restoration of Tut’s beard video”

48 BC – Pompey the Great killed

28 September – On the Day

Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus better known as Pompey (the Great) was one of the major figures at the end of the Republican period first as an ally of Caesar and Crassus and later as Caesar’s greatest rival. Continue reading “48 BC – Pompey the Great killed”

Egypt has approved the search for Nefertiti’s tomb

After recent reports that Nefertiti’s tomb might be hidden inside Tutankamen’s tomb Egypt’s Minister of Antiquities Continue reading “Egypt has approved the search for Nefertiti’s tomb”

Tutankhamen’s Tomb set to close in October

The tomb of the famous boy pharoah will be closed in October according to the Egyptian Antiquities Ministry. Continue reading “Tutankhamen’s Tomb set to close in October”

The Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC)

The 15th century BC Battle of Megiddo between Thutmose III and a coalition of Canaanite vassal states. There is debate about the exact year of this battle with 3 common suggestions being 1457, 1479 and 1482 BC. This battle is particularly important as it is considered the first battle to have been recorded with any acceptable level of detail. Our source for this battle, as is often the case, is the victor’s account. Thutmose ordered the war to be recorded and depicted in the Hall of Annals in the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, Thebes which illustrate the pharoah’s 14 campaigns in the Levant. This account would have been based on the daily journal kept by Tjaneni, Thutmose’s scribe.

Tel-Megiddo-and-What-Megiddo-Tells

 

Thutmose assembled an army of between 10,000 and 20,000 troops primarily made up of chariots and foot soldiers the Egyptian army marched to Yehem at an average daily pace of 20 km/day. Yehem was a small city located just before a chain of hills west of Megiddo. The King of Kadesh raised an army of between 10,000 and 15,000 Canaanites which he had stationed in Megiddo.

Although, apparently safer routes were available to Thutmose, the pharaoh chose the quicker more direct route even though it was deemed more dangerous. Luckily for Thutmose, the King of Kadesh had stationed large forces to protect both of the easier approaches to Megiddo ignoring the route Thutmose had actually chosen.

 

megiddo1

 

The morning after his arrival Thutmose attacked and routed the Canaanite forces, lack of discipline allowed many of Egypt’s enemies to escape back into the fortified city leading to a prolonged siege, the city was besieged for seven months and the King of Kadesh was able to escape. The Egyptians built a moat and a wooden palisade and eventually forced Megiddo to surrender. The city and citizens were spared. A number of other cities in the Jezreel Valley were conquered and Egyptian authority in the area was restored.

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