This Egyptian god, portrayed as a jackal-headed man, was the protector of the dead, embalming and funerals.

Weighing the heart of the deceased

Egyptians apparently sacrificed puppies and dogs to Anubis, a recent examination of catacombs found near a temple dedicated to Anubis suggests that as many as 8 million animals were sacrificed. In Early Dynastic Egypt (c. 3100 – c. 2686 BC) Anubis was presented in full animal form.

Anubis in animal form

By the Old Kingdom (c. 2686 – c. 2181 BC) Anubis was the most important god of the dead only to be replaced by Osiris by the Middle Kingdom  (2000–1700 BC) and assisting Osiris by delivering the dead to him in the Roman period (30 BC).

Picture Credits:

Featured Image: “Anubis Mask from Harrogate – rotating animation – HARGM10686” by Staff or representatives of Harrogate Museums and Arts service 

Weighing of the heart: “BD Hunefer cropped 1” by unknown Egyptian artisan (Jon Bodsworth: photographer) – BD_Hunefer.jpg. Licensed under Copyrighted free use via Commons 

Animal form: Tutanhkamun jackal” by Jon Bodsworth