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scotland

1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill

Halidon Hill.jpg

19 July

During the second Scottish war of Independence, the Scottish forces of Douglas suffered a decisive defeat at the hands of Edward III the king of England. Continue reading “1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill”

Roman terror weapon discovered in Scotland

Evidence Found for Secret Terror Weapon of the Romans

 

A set of lead sling bullets that made a whistling sound when thrown have been discovered by archaeologists in Burnswark Hill in southwestern Scotland. Continue reading “Roman terror weapon discovered in Scotland”

1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

3 October – On this day

Robert Roy MacGregor (baptised 7 March 1671 – 28 December 1734) was a Jacobite and Scottish outlaw, who later became a folk hero. He has been called “the Scottish Robin Hood”. Continue reading “1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor”

1745 – The Battle of Prestonpans

21 September – On this day

The Battle of Prestonpans was the first significant conflict in the Jacobite Rising of 1745. Continue reading “1745 – The Battle of Prestonpans”

1645 – Battle of Philiphaugh

13 September – On this day

The Battle of Philiphaugh was fought on this day in 1645 during the Civil War near Selkirk in the Scottish Borders. The Royalist force of the Marquis of Montrose was destroyed by the Covenanter army of Sir David Leslie, restoring the power of the Committee of Estates. Continue reading “1645 – Battle of Philiphaugh”

1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge

11 September – On this day

The Battle of Stirling Bridge was a battle on this day in 1297, the forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the combined English forces of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, and Hugh de Cressingham near Stirling, on the River Forth. Continue reading “1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge”

1547 – Battle of Pinkie Cleugh

10 September – On this day

The Battle of Pinkie Cleugh, took place on this day in 1547 on the banks of the River Esk near Musselburgh, Scotland. The last pitched battle between Scottish and English armies, it was part of the conflict known as the ‘Rough Wooing’, and is considered to be the first modern battle in the British Isles. It was a catastrophic defeat for Scotland, where it became known as Black Saturday. Continue reading “1547 – Battle of Pinkie Cleugh”

1513 – Battle of Flodden

9 September – On this day

The Battle of Flodden or Flodden Field was part of a conflict between the Kingdom of England (Henry VIII) and the Kingdom of Scotland (James IV). This conflict began when James declared war on England to honour the Auld Alliance with France by diverting Henry’s English troops from their campaign against the French king Louis XII. Continue reading “1513 – Battle of Flodden”

1305 – William Wallace executed

23 August – On this day

Sir William Wallace who had become an important leader throughout the Scottish Wars of Independence particularly after his defeat of the English forces at the Battle of Stirling Bridge in 1297, he was captured near Glasgow earlier in August 1305 and handed over to Edward I. The English King had Wallace executed for high treason at Smithfield, London by having him hanged, drawn and quartered.

 

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