History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History



529 – First draft of the Corpus Juris Civilis is issued

7 April

The Corpus Iuris Civilis (“Body of Civil Law”) is the modern name for a collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence, issued from 529 to 534 by order of Justinian I, Eastern Roman Emperor. It is also sometimes referred to as the Code of Justinian, although this name belongs more properly to the part titled Codex Justinianus. Continue reading “529 – First draft of the Corpus Juris Civilis is issued”

55 – Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus

11 February

Tiberius Claudius Caesar Britannicus (12 February AD 41 — 11 February AD 55) was the son of the Roman emperor Claudius and his third wife Valeria Messalina. He became the heir-designate of the empire at his birth, less than a month into his father’s reign. He was still a young boy at the time of his mother’s downfall and Claudius’ marriage to Agrippina the Younger. This allowed Agrippina’s older son Nero to eclipse him in the public’s mind. He lived only months into his step brother Nero’s reign, and was probably murdered just before his 14th birthday.

AD 17 – Messalina, third wife of Emperor Claudius, is born

25 January

Valeria Messalina, (c. 17/20–48) married (as his third wife) the Roman Emperor Claudius. She was a paternal cousin of the Emperor Nero, a second-cousin of the Emperor Caligula, and a great-grandniece of the Emperor Augustus. A powerful and influential woman with a reputation for promiscuity, she allegedly conspired against her husband and was executed on the discovery of the plot. Her notorious reputation arguably results from political bias, but works of art and literature have perpetuated it into modern times.

The Romans made it to Canada?

A team of historians claim that evidence indicates that the Romans made it to an island off the coast of Canada which has artifacts dating back to a time of the Roman Empire. Continue reading “The Romans made it to Canada?”

537 – The Hagia Sophia is completed

27 December

Hagia Sophia (from the Greek: “Holy Wisdom”; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia) is a former Christian patriarchal basilica (church), later an imperial mosque, and now a museum (Ayasofya Müzesi) in Istanbul, Turkey. Continue reading “537 – The Hagia Sophia is completed”

336 – First documentary sign of Christmas celebrations in Rome

25 December

The Christian ecclesiastical calendar contains many remnants of pre-Christian festivals. Christmas includes elements of the Roman feast of the Saturnalia and the birthday of Mithra. The Chronography of 354 AD contains early evidence of the celebration on December 25 of a Christian liturgical feast of the birth of Jesus. This was in Rome, while in Eastern Christianity the birth of Jesus was already celebrated in connection with the Epiphany on January 6. The December 25 celebration was imported into the East later: in Antioch by John Chrysostom towards the end of the 4th century, probably in 388, and in Alexandria only in the following century. Even in the West, the January 6 celebration of the nativity of Jesus seems to have continued until after 380.

69 – Emperor Vitellius is captured and murdered at the Gemonian stairs in Rome

22 December

Vitellius : Aulus Vitellius Germanicus Augustus; (24 September 15 – 22 December 69) was Roman Emperor for eight months, from 16 April to 22 December 69. Vitellius was proclaimed emperor following the quick succession of the previous emperors Galba and Otho, in a year of civil war known as the Year of the Four Emperors. Continue reading “69 – Emperor Vitellius is captured and murdered at the Gemonian stairs in Rome”

497 BC – The first Saturnalia festival was celebrated in ancient Rome

17 December

Saturnalia was an ancient Roman festival in honour of the deity Saturn, held on 17 December of the Julian calendar and later expanded with festivities through to 23 December. Continue reading “497 BC – The first Saturnalia festival was celebrated in ancient Rome”

43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated

7 December

Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 Jan 106 BC – 7 Dec 43 BC) was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome’s greatest orators and prose stylists. Continue reading “43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated”

284 – Diocletian is chosen as Roman emperor

Diocletian (245–311) was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Born to a family of low status in the Roman province of Dalmatia, Diocletian rose through the ranks of the military to become cavalry commander to the Emperor Carus. Continue reading “284 – Diocletian is chosen as Roman emperor”

1992 – The Hoxne Hoard is discovered

16 November

The Hoxne Hoard is the largest hoard of late Roman silver and gold discovered in Britain, and the largest collection of gold and silver coins of the fourth and fifth century found anywhere within the Roman Empire. Continue reading “1992 – The Hoxne Hoard is discovered”

Iberian Shipwreck discovered

Underwater research being conducted of Cape Creus, Catalonia strongly suggests that the pre-Roman Iberians were seafarers. This is the second boat dated to roughly this period found of the Spanish coast. Continue reading “Iberian Shipwreck discovered”

Minimising Rebellion in the Roman Empire and the banning of a fire brigade in Nicomedia

The Romans possessed a clear understanding of the most likely breeding grounds for discontent. Continue reading “Minimising Rebellion in the Roman Empire and the banning of a fire brigade in Nicomedia”

The Battle of Salamis 480 BC

The battle of Salamis occurred in September 480 BC, some argue it was on the 22nd others say the 29th, Continue reading “The Battle of Salamis 480 BC”

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