History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History



Shipwreck of World War II Shipwreck Discovered

The wreckage of what is believed to be the USS Juneau has been discovered in the South Pacific near the Soloman Islands.

Continue reading “Shipwreck of World War II Shipwreck Discovered”

Book review: Mortal Wounds, The Human Skeleton as Evidence for Conflict in the Past

The author Martin Smith, is the Principal Academic in Forensic & Biological Anthropology in the Department of Archaeology, Anthropology and Forensic Science at Bournemouth University. Prior to becoming an academic he spent 10 years working as a registered nurse in surgery and accident and emergency departments. He is the author of a number of books and book chapters as well as numerous journal articles focusing primarily on the archaeology of human remains.

Continue reading “Book review: Mortal Wounds, The Human Skeleton as Evidence for Conflict in the Past”

1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill

Halidon Hill.jpg

19 July

During the second Scottish war of Independence, the Scottish forces of Douglas suffered a decisive defeat at the hands of Edward III the king of England. Continue reading “1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill”

Roman Loss at the battle of Arausio

The Battle of Arausio

On 6 October 105 BC the Roman army suffered a massive defeat at the hands of the Cimbri near the town of Arausio and the Rhone. Continue reading “Roman Loss at the battle of Arausio”

The Battle of Gaugamela

The battle of Gaugamela (also known as Arbela) was one of the decisive battles fought by Alexander the Great during his invasion of Persia taking place on 1 October in 331 BC. Alexander had crossed the Hellespont in 334 BC with approximately 50,000 soldiers to start his conquest of the Persian Empire. Continue reading “The Battle of Gaugamela”

AD 489 The Battle of Verona

The Ostrogothic leader Theodoric the Great fought Odoacer at the battle of Verona in 489 (one of many with the same name). This battle was effectively part of the agreement struck with the emperor Zeno at Constantinople. Continue reading “AD 489 The Battle of Verona”

The Battle of Salamis 480 BC

The battle of Salamis occurred in September 480 BC, some argue it was on the 22nd others say the 29th, Continue reading “The Battle of Salamis 480 BC”

AD 351 – The Battle of Mursa

28 September – On this day

The battle of Mursa between Constantine II and Magnentius was part of a civil war which took place somewhere in the Drava valley in Illyricum. Continue reading “AD 351 – The Battle of Mursa”

480 BC The Battle of Salamis

22 September – On this day

Themistocles defeated the navy of Xerxes, using a ruse to force the engagement that was not universally desired by his Greek allies. Continue reading “480 BC The Battle of Salamis”

The Battle of Megiddo (15th century BC)

The 15th century BC Battle of Megiddo between Thutmose III and a coalition of Canaanite vassal states. There is debate about the exact year of this battle with 3 common suggestions being 1457, 1479 and 1482 BC. This battle is particularly important as it is considered the first battle to have been recorded with any acceptable level of detail. Our source for this battle, as is often the case, is the victor’s account. Thutmose ordered the war to be recorded and depicted in the Hall of Annals in the Temple of Amun-Re at Karnak, Thebes which illustrate the pharoah’s 14 campaigns in the Levant. This account would have been based on the daily journal kept by Tjaneni, Thutmose’s scribe.



Thutmose assembled an army of between 10,000 and 20,000 troops primarily made up of chariots and foot soldiers the Egyptian army marched to Yehem at an average daily pace of 20 km/day. Yehem was a small city located just before a chain of hills west of Megiddo. The King of Kadesh raised an army of between 10,000 and 15,000 Canaanites which he had stationed in Megiddo.

Although, apparently safer routes were available to Thutmose, the pharaoh chose the quicker more direct route even though it was deemed more dangerous. Luckily for Thutmose, the King of Kadesh had stationed large forces to protect both of the easier approaches to Megiddo ignoring the route Thutmose had actually chosen.




The morning after his arrival Thutmose attacked and routed the Canaanite forces, lack of discipline allowed many of Egypt’s enemies to escape back into the fortified city leading to a prolonged siege, the city was besieged for seven months and the King of Kadesh was able to escape. The Egyptians built a moat and a wooden palisade and eventually forced Megiddo to surrender. The city and citizens were spared. A number of other cities in the Jezreel Valley were conquered and Egyptian authority in the area was restored.

September 52 BC – The Battle of Alesia

This was one of the iconic Roman battles and illustrated the superb generalship of Julius Caesar. Continue reading “September 52 BC – The Battle of Alesia”

AD 9 – Varian Disaster

9 September – On this day

One of the most significant losses Rome ever suffered occurred in the Teutoburg forest during the reign of Rome’s first emperor Augustus. Continue reading “AD 9 – Varian Disaster”


A new feature article, What equipment was needed to be a Hoplite  in classical Greece?, is available under the features tab.

Blog at

Up ↑