30 May – On this day
Titus and his Roman legions breached the Second Wall of Jerusalem. The siege had begun in February of AD 70 and didn’t finish until September of the same year.
Titus began the siege by surrounding the city with 4 Roman legions, apparently Jerusalem had filled with Jews celebrating Passover, which would certainly have made the defender’s maintenance of the siege more difficult.
By May Titus had breached the third wall defending Jerusalem, on the 30th he managed to breach the second wall forcing the Jewish defenders retreat to the First Wall and leaving them in possession of the Temple and upper and lower cities only. The Romans build a circumvallation, cutting down all trees within fifteen kilometres in an effort to more effectively starve out the defenders.
Contrary to Titus’ will the temple was razed sometime in July or August with the flames spreading into the residential areas of the city. The Romans fell upon the Jews within quickly crushing any remaining resistance before assuming complete control in September.