March 1 – On This Day

The legendary first king of Rome Romulus celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, after the Rape of the Sabine Women. (It should be noted that “rape” is the traditional English translation of the Latin word “raptio” that actually means abduction.) Which saw the Roman men acquire wives by abducting women from the nearby Sabine families.


Needless to say, the Sabines were outraged at the abductions, the king of the Caeninenses entered Roman territory with his army. The Romans met the Caeninenses in battle, killed their king, and routed their army. Romulus later attacked Caenina and took it upon the first assault before returning to Rome, where he dedicated a temple to Jupiter Feretrius and offered the spoils of the enemy king as spolia opima. According to the Fasti Triumphales, Romulus celebrated a triumph over the Caeninenses on 1 March 752 BC.