The wreckage of what is believed to be the USS Juneau has been discovered in the South Pacific near the Soloman Islands.
On This Day – 16 December 1944
The Germans launched their last major offensive of World War II, known to most as the Battle of the Bulge the Germans originally called it Unternehmen Wacht am Rhein (operation watch on the Rhine). This battle which lasted until the 25th of January 1944 became the bloodiest battle of World War II for the Americans, The Department of the Army recording US losses at more than 108,000.
On This Day – 8 December 1941
One day after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbour by the Japanese military the American President Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the US to declare war on Japan.
On This Day – 22 November 1890
Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 Nov 1890 – 9 Nov 1970) was a French general, resistant, writer and statesman. Continue reading “1890 – Charles de Gaulle, French general and politician is born”
On This Day – 14 November 1941
The HMS Ark Royal was sunk
Commissioned in November 1938, the HMS Ark Royal was sunk less than three years later on 14 November 1941 by the German U-81. The HMS Ark Royal was an innovative Royal Navy aircraft carrier serving during WWII, the first on which the flight deck and hangers were an integral part of the hull.
In the largest prison breakout of World War II, more than 1,100 Japanese prisoners of war tried to escape from the POW camp near Cowra, in New South Wales, Australia. Continue reading “1944 – Largest prisoner breakout of WWII, Cowra NSW”
PT 109 the torpedo motor boat commanded by Lieutenant Junior Grade John F Kennedy the future president of the United States of America was rammed by the Japanese Destroyer Amagiri.
Haruna named after Mount Haruna, was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston, she was the fourth and last battlecruiser of the Kongō class, amongst the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. Continue reading “1913 – Haruna, the fourth and last Kongō-class ship, launches”
The Battle of the River Plate was the first naval battle in the Second World War and the first one of Battle of the Atlantic in South American waters. Continue reading “1939 – WWII: Battle of the River Plate”
The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of 7 Dec 1941. The attack led to the United States’ entry into World War II. Continue reading “1941 – World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor”
The Heinkel He 219 Uhu was a night fighter that served with the German Luftwaffe in the later stages of World War II. Continue reading “1942 – World War II: First flight of the Heinkel He 219”
Battle of the Atlantic – October
Convoys are now provided with escorts as far as 19 degrees west (about 300 miles west of Ireland). The Canadian forces provide similar cover in their waters. There are, however, still very few escorts and the cover is not strong. Continue reading “WWII – The 75th Anniversary”
7 October – On this day
The McCollum memo, also known as the Eight Action Memo was a memorandum, dated on this day in 1940 (more than a year before the Pearl Harbour attack), sent by Lieutenant Commander Arthur H. McCollum, in his capacity as director of the Office of Naval Intelligence’s Far East Asia section. It gained notoriety when an author suggested it was part of a conspiracy by the Roosevelt Administration to provoke war with Japan. Continue reading “1940 – The McCollum memo sets out a plan of action in the Pacific”