On This Day – 1 August
The Batavians a sub-group of the Germanic Chatti tribe who inhabited the Rhine delta area initiated a revolt against the Roman Empire.
The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small dungeon in Fort William, in Calcutta, India, where troops of the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war after the Bengali army captured the fort on this day in 1756.
The people of Madrid rise up in rebellion against French occupation. Francisco de Goya later memorialises this event in his painting The Second of May 1808. Continue reading “1808 – Outbreak of the Peninsular War”
The Battle of Khartoum, Siege of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. Egypt had held the city for some time prior, but the siege that the Mahdists engineered and carried out from 13 March, 1884, to January 26, 1885 was enough to wrest control away from the Egyptian administration. Continue reading “1884 – The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins”
The Williamite War in Ireland (1688–1691), was a conflict between Jacobites (supporters of the Scottish Catholic King James II of England/VII of Scotland) and Williamites (supporters of the Dutch Protestant Prince William of Orange) over who would be King of England, Scotland and Ireland. It is also called the Jacobite War in Ireland or the Williamite–Jacobite War in Ireland. Continue reading “1689 – The Williamite War in Ireland begins”
The 1959 Tibetan Uprising or 1959 Tibetan Rebellion began on this day in 1959, when a revolt erupted in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, which had been under the effective control of the Communist Party of China since the Seventeen Point Agreement in 1951. Continue reading “1959 – Tibetan uprising”
The Battle of the Alamo (23 February – 6 March, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna launched an assault on the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas, United States), killing all of the Texian defenders. Santa Anna’s cruelty during the battle inspired many Texians—both Texas settlers and adventurers from the United States—to join the Texian Army. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texians defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on 21 April, 1836, ending the revolution. Continue reading “1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo”
The Castle Hill Rebellion of 1804 was a rebellion by convicts against colonial authority in the Castle Hill area of the British colony of New South Wales. The rebellion culminated in a battle fought between convicts and the Colonial forces of Australia on 5 March 1804 at Rouse Hill, dubbed the Second Battle of Vinegar Hill after the first one of 1798 Battle of Vinegar Hill in Ireland. It was the first and only major convict uprising in Australian history suppressed under martial law. Continue reading “1804 – Castle Hill Rebellion”
Shays‘ Rebellion was an armed uprising in Massachusetts (mostly in and around Springfield) during 1786 and 1787. Revolutionary War veteran Daniel Shays led four thousand rebels (called Shaysites) in rising up against perceived economic injustices and suspension of civil rights by Massachusetts, and in a later attempt to capture the United States’ national weapons arsenal at the U.S. Armoury at Springfield. Continue reading “1787 – Shays’s Rebellion: The rebellion’s largest confrontation, outside the Springfield Armory”
Thomas Venner (died 19 January 1661) was a cooper and rebel who became the last leader of the Fifth Monarchy Men, who tried unsuccessfully to overthrow Oliver Cromwell in 1657, and subsequently led a coup in London against the newly restored government of Charles II. This event, known as “Venner’s Rising”, lasted four days (1–4 January 1661) before the Royal authorities captured the rebels. The rebel leadership suffered execution on this day in 1661. Continue reading “1661 – Thomas Venner is hanged, drawn and quartered in London”
The Batang Kali massacre was the killing of 24 unarmed villagers by British troops on this day in 1948 during the Malayan Emergency. The incident occurred during counter-insurgency operations against Malay and Chinese communists in Malaya – then a colony of the British Crown. It was described as “Britain’s My Lai” in Christopher Hale’s Massacre in Malaya: exposing Britain’s My Lai. Despite several investigations by the British government since the 1950s, and a re-examination of the evidence by the Royal Malaysia Police between 1993 and 1997, no charges were brought against any of the alleged perpetrators.
The Newport Rising was the last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in Great Britain when, on this day in 1839, somewhere between 1,000 and 5,000 Chartist sympathisers, led by John Frost, marched on the town of Newport, Monmouthshire. Continue reading “1839 – Newport Rising: The last large-scale armed rebellion against authority in mainland Britain”