Ninety-five-year-old Joan Howard has been dubbed Indiana Joan by some after showing off her artefact collection estimated to be worth over one million dollars to the West Australian newspaper.
Ramesses II, (born c. 1303 BC; died July or August 1213 BC; reigned 1279–1213 BC), was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Continue reading “1279-1213 BC Ramesses the Great”
The First Battle of Gaza was fought on this day in 1917 during the first attempt by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) to invade the south of Palestine in the Ottoman Empire during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. Fighting took place in and around the town of Gaza on the Mediterranean coast when infantry and mounted infantry from the Desert Column, a component of the Eastern Force, attacked the town. Late in the afternoon, on the verge of capturing Gaza, the Desert Column was withdrawn due to concerns about the approaching darkness and large Ottoman reinforcements. This British defeat was followed a few weeks later by the even more emphatic defeat of the Eastern Force at the Second Battle of Gaza in April 1917. Continue reading “1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza”
The Battle of Karameh was a 15-hour military engagement between the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and combined forces of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF) in the Jordanian town of Karameh on this day in 1968, during the War of Attrition. It was planned by Israel as two concurrent raids on PLO camps, one in Karameh and one in the distant village of Safi—codenamed Operation Inferno and Operation Asuta, respectively—but the former turned into a full-scale battle. Continue reading “1968 – Battle of Karameh in Jordan”
The Balfour Declaration was a letter from the United Kingdom’s Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Walter Rothschild,, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland. Continue reading “1917 – The Balfour Declaration”
5/6 September – Munich, West Germany
The Munich massacre was an attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, on eleven Israeli Olympic team members, who were taken hostage and eventually killed, along with a German police officer, by the Palestinian group Black September. Continue reading “1972 – Munich Massacre”