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Mediterranean

1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt

24 May

The Fifth Crusade (1213–1221) was an attempt by Western Europeans to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.

Continue reading “1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt”

1915 – The Battle of Gallipoli begins

25 April

The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula by Australian, British, French and New Zealand troops begins with landings at ANZAC Cove and Cape Helles.

457 – Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army

1 April

A prominent general of the Late Roman army, Majorian deposed Emperor Avitus in 457 and succeeded him. Majorian was one of the last emperors to make a concerted effort to restore the Western Roman Empire. Possessing little more than Italy, Dalmatia, and some territory in northern Gaul, Majorian campaigned rigorously for three years against the Empire’s enemies. Continue reading “457 – Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army”

1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza

26 March

The First Battle of Gaza was fought on this day in 1917 during the first attempt by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) to invade the south of Palestine in the Ottoman Empire during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. Fighting took place in and around the town of Gaza on the Mediterranean coast when infantry and mounted infantry from the Desert Column, a component of the Eastern Force, attacked the town. Late in the afternoon, on the verge of capturing Gaza, the Desert Column was withdrawn due to concerns about the approaching darkness and large Ottoman reinforcements. This British defeat was followed a few weeks later by the even more emphatic defeat of the Eastern Force at the Second Battle of Gaza in April 1917. Continue reading “1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza”

602 – Emperor Maurice is executed

27 November

Maurice Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus 539 – 27 Nov 602 was Byzantine Emperor from 582 to 602. Maurice was murdered on this day in 602. It is said that the deposed emperor was forced to watch his six sons executed before he was beheaded himself. Empress Constantina and her three daughters were spared and sent to a monastery. Continue reading “602 – Emperor Maurice is executed”

19 BC Virgil Dies

21 September – On this day

Publius Vergilius Maro, better known as Virgil died in Brundisium harbour Continue reading “19 BC Virgil Dies”

WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Mediterranean

16/17 September

Aircraft from the carrier Illustrious, escorted by the battleship Valiant, attack Benghazi during the night. Continue reading “WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Mediterranean”

Recovered Egyptian artefacts to be displayed

Artefacts recovered from the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea Continue reading “Recovered Egyptian artefacts to be displayed”

AD 70 – Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem

7 September – On this day

Before he became the emperor of Rome Vespasian had been appointed to subdue the Jewish rebellion against the emperor Nero and had begun campaigning in AD 66. Continue reading “AD 70 – Titus occupies and plunders Jerusalem”

WWII The 75th Anniversary

2 September – Mediterranean

The UK is reinforcing its naval forces in the Mediterranean because of the changing strategic situation. Continue reading “WWII The 75th Anniversary”

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