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China

Chinese villagers descended from Roman Soldiers?

 

DNA testing has demonstrated that nearly two-thirds of villagers in a remote part of China on the fringes of the Gobi desert have Caucasian origins supporting a theory that these villagers may be descended from a lost Roman legion.

Continue reading “Chinese villagers descended from Roman Soldiers?”

1953 – Battle of the Samichon River

24-26 July

The Battle of the Samichon River was fought during the final days of the Korean War between United Nations (UN) forces—primarily Australian and American—and the Chinese communist People’s Volunteer Army. Continue reading “1953 – Battle of the Samichon River”

1839 – Humen, China

3 June

Lin Tse-hsü destroys 1.2 million kg of opium confiscated from British merchants, providing Britain with a casus belli to open hostilities, resulting in the First Opium War. Continue reading “1839 – Humen, China”

1954 – President Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech

7 April

The domino theory was a theory prominent from the 1950s to the 1980s, that speculated that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect. Continue reading “1954 – President Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech”

1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish

14 March

The Johnson South Reef Skirmish of 1988 was a naval battle that took place between Chinese and Vietnamese forces over Johnson South Reef in the Spratly Islands on this day. Continue reading “1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish”

1959 – Tibetan uprising

10 March

The 1959 Tibetan Uprising or 1959 Tibetan Rebellion began on this day in 1959, when a revolt erupted in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, which had been under the effective control of the Communist Party of China since the Seventeen Point Agreement in 1951. Continue reading “1959 – Tibetan uprising”

1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake

23 January

The 1556 Shaanxi earthquake was a catastrophic earthquake that is also considered the deadliest earthquake on record, killing approximately 830,000 people. Continue reading “1556 – The deadliest earthquake in history, the Shaanxi earthquake”

1600 – The British East India Company is chartered

31 December

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China. Continue reading “1600 – The British East India Company is chartered”

1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world

27 December

Hōshō (literally meaning,”phoenix in flight”) was the world’s first commissioned ship that was designed and built as an aircraft carrier, and the first aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). Continue reading “1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world”

1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident

12 December

The USS Panay incident was a Japanese attack on the American gunboat Panay while it was anchored in the Yangtze River outside Nanking,  China on this day in 1937. Continue reading “1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident”

757 – Du Fu returns to Chang’an as a member of Emperor Xuanzong’s court

8 December

Du Fu (712 – 770) was a prominent Chinese poet of the Tang dynasty. Along with Li Bai (Li Po), he is frequently called the greatest of the Chinese poets. His greatest ambition was to serve his country as a successful civil servant, but he proved unable to make the necessary accommodations. His life, like the whole country, was devastated by the An Lushan Rebellion of 755, and his last 15 years were a time of almost constant unrest. Continue reading “757 – Du Fu returns to Chang’an as a member of Emperor Xuanzong’s court”

395 – ‘Later Yan’ is defeated by its former vassal ‘Northern Wei’ at the Battle of Canhe Slope

8 December

Battle of Canhe Slope refers to a battle in 395 where the Chinese/Xianbei state Later Yan, then ruling over northern and central China, had launched a punitive campaign against its former vassal Northern Wei, also of Xianbei extraction. Continue reading “395 – ‘Later Yan’ is defeated by its former vassal ‘Northern Wei’ at the Battle of Canhe Slope”

1962 – The Chinese declare a unilateral ceasefire in the Sino-Indian War

The Sino-Indian War was a war between China and India that occurred in 1962. A disputed Himalayan border was the main pretext for war, but other issues played a role. There had been a series of violent border incidents after the 1959 Tibetan uprising, when India had granted asylum to the Dalai Lama. India initiated a Forward Policy in which it placed outposts along the border, including several north of theMcMahon Line, the eastern portion of a Line of Actual Control proclaimed by Chinese Premier Zhou Enlai in 1959. Continue reading “1962 – The Chinese declare a unilateral ceasefire in the Sino-Indian War”

1898 – France withdraws its troops from Fashoda

3 November

The Fashoda Incident was the climax of imperial territorial disputes between Britain and France in Eastern Africa, occurring in 1898. Continue reading “1898 – France withdraws its troops from Fashoda”

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