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History Bytez

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14th Century

1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill

Halidon Hill.jpg

19 July

During the second Scottish war of Independence, the Scottish forces of Douglas suffered a decisive defeat at the hands of Edward III the king of England. Continue reading “1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill”

1351 – Combat of the Thirty

26 March

The Combat of the Thirty occurred on this day in 1351 and was an episode in the Breton War of Succession, a war fought to determine who would rule the Duchy of Brittany. It was an arranged fight between picked combatants from both sides of the conflict. Continue reading “1351 – Combat of the Thirty”

1311 – Battle of Halmyros

15 March

The Battle of Halmyros, (known also as; the Battle of the Cephissus or Battle of Orchomenos), was fought on this day in 1311 between the forces of the Frankish Duchy of Athens and its vassals under Walter of Brienne and the mercenaries of the Catalan Company, resulting in a devastating victory for the Catalans. Continue reading “1311 – Battle of Halmyros”

1387 – Battle of Castagnaro

11 March

The Battle of Castagnaro was fought on this day in 1387 at Castagnaro (today’s Veneto, northern Italy) between Verona and Padua. It is one of the most famous battles of the Italian condottieri* age. Continue reading “1387 – Battle of Castagnaro”

2008 – Namdaemun, a 550-year-old gate in South Korea, was toppled by fire

11 February

Namdaemun, Gate of Exalted Ceremonies, is one of the Eight Gates in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon dynasty. The gate is located in Jung-gu between Seoul Station and Seoul Plaza, with the historic 24-hour Namdaemun market next to the gate. Continue reading “2008 – Namdaemun, a 550-year-old gate in South Korea, was toppled by fire”

1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy

16 January

The House of Medici was an Italian banking family, political dynasty and later royal house that first began to gather prominence under Cosimo de’ Medici in the Republic of Florence during the late 14th century. The family originated in the Mugello region of the Tuscan countryside, gradually rising until they were able to fund the Medici Bank. The bank was the largest in Europe during the 15th century, seeing the Medici gain political power in Florence — though officially they remained citizens rather than monarchs. Continue reading “1412 – The Medici family is appointed official banker of the Papacy”

1307 – According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off his son’s head

William Tell is a folk hero of Switzerland. His legend is recorded in a late 15th-century Swiss illustrated chronicle. It is set in the time of the original foundation of the Old Swiss Confederacy in the early 14th century. Continue reading “1307 – According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off his son’s head”

1399 – Henry of Bolingbroke is proclaimed King of England.

30 September – On this day

King Henry IV of England (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413) ruled from 1399 to 1413 and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France. He was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, hence his other name, Henry of Bolingbroke. Continue reading “1399 – Henry of Bolingbroke is proclaimed King of England.”

1338 – The Battle of Arnemuiden

23 September – On this day

The Battle of Arnemuiden was a naval battle fought on this day in 1338 at the start of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France. It was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years’ War and the first recorded European naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christopher had three cannons and one hand gun. Continue reading “1338 – The Battle of Arnemuiden”

1356 – The Battle of Poitiers

19 September – On this day

The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France. The battle occurred on this day in 1356 near Poitiers, France. Preceded by the Battle of Crécy in 1346, and followed by the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, it was the second of the three great English victories of the war. Continue reading “1356 – The Battle of Poitiers”

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