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13th Century

1215 – Magna Carta Libertatum

15 June

On this day in 1215,  King John of England puts his seal to the Magna Carta Libertatum (commonly known as Magna Carta).

Continue reading “1215 – Magna Carta Libertatum”

1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt

24 May

The Fifth Crusade (1213–1221) was an attempt by Western Europeans to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.

Continue reading “1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt”

1266 – Battle of Benevento

26 February

The Battle of Benevento was fought on this day in 1266 near Benevento, in present-day southern Italy. It was waged between the troops of Charles of Anjou and Manfred of Sicily. Manfred’s defeat and death resulted in the capture of the Kingdom of Sicily by Charles, effectively ending Hohenstaufen rule in Italy. Continue reading “1266 – Battle of Benevento”

1287 – St. Lucia’s flood: The Zuiderzee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses

14 December

St. Lucia’s flood was a storm tide that affected the Netherlands and Northern Germany on this day in 1287 (the day after St. Lucia Day) when a dike broke during a storm, killing approximately 50,000 to 80,000 people in the sixth largest flood in recorded history. Continue reading “1287 – St. Lucia’s flood: The Zuiderzee sea wall in the Netherlands collapses”

1282 – The last native Prince of Wales is killed

11 December

The Battle of Orewin Bridge was fought between an English force (led by the Marcher Lords) and the Welsh army of  Llywelyn ap Gruffudd on this day in 1282 near Builth Wells in mid-Wales. It was a decisive defeat for the Welsh as their army was destroyed and their leader, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd (Prince of Wales) was killed, and this effectively ended the independence of Wales.

 

1200 – Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England

October

Isabella of Angoulême (c.1188 – 4 June 1246) was queen consort of England as the second wife of King John from 1200 until John’s death in 1216. She was also reigning Countess of Angoulême from 1202 until 1246. Continue reading “1200 – Isabella of Angoulême is crowned Queen consort of England”

Fallen tree reveals medieval corpse

Heavy rains and winds have caused a large Beech tree to topple in Collooney Ireland. Continue reading “Fallen tree reveals medieval corpse”

1229 – Battle of Portopí

12 September – On this day

The Battle of Portopí was fought between the Almohad troops that occupied the island of Majorca and the Christian army led by King James I (the Conqueror) of Aragon. Continue reading “1229 – Battle of Portopí”

1213 – Battle of Muret

12 September – On this day

At the Battle of Muret was fought on this day in 1213, by the Crusader army of Simon IV de Montfort who defeated the Catharist, Aragonese and Catalan forces of Peter II of Aragon, at Muret near Toulouse. Continue reading “1213 – Battle of Muret”

1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge

11 September – On this day

The Battle of Stirling Bridge was a battle on this day in 1297, the forces of Andrew Moray and William Wallace defeated the combined English forces of John de Warenne, 6th Earl of Surrey, and Hugh de Cressingham near Stirling, on the River Forth. Continue reading “1297 – Battle of Stirling Bridge”

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