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France

Saturnalia – New Header Image

To celebrate the start of the Ancient Roman Saturnalia festival we have changed our header image to a ‘slice’ taken from Antoine Callet’s oil painting Saturnales. Callet was a French painter who lived 1741 – 1823. He became the official portraitist for Louis XVI, as well as creating allegorical works such as this one.

 

1890 – Charles de Gaulle, French general and politician is born

On This Day – 22 November 1890

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 Nov 1890 – 9 Nov 1970) was a French general, resistant, writer and statesman. Continue reading “1890 – Charles de Gaulle, French general and politician is born”

1914 – Germany Declares war on France

3 August

Two days after declaring war on Russia Germany declares war on France, whilst Romania and Switzerland declare their neutrality. Continue reading “1914 – Germany Declares war on France”

1180 – Phillip II becomes king of France

Philip II, called Philip Augustus (21 August 1165 – 14 July 1223) was a King of France from the House of Capet who reigned from 1180 to 1223. Continue reading “1180 – Phillip II becomes king of France”

1914 – Battle of El Herri

13 November

The Battle of El Herri was fought between France and the Berber Zaian Confederation on this day in 1914. It took place at the small settlement of El Herri, near Khénifra in the French protectorate in Morocco. Continue reading “1914 – Battle of El Herri”

1415 – The Battle of Agincourt

25 October – On this day

The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory in the Hundred Years’ War. The battle took place on Friday, 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin’s Day), near modern-day Azincourt, in northern France.  Continue reading “1415 – The Battle of Agincourt”

1792 – French Revolution: National Convention – the absolute monarchy abolished.

21 September – On this day

The National Convention (French: Convention nationale) was a single-chamber assembly in France from 20 September 1792 to 26 October 1795 during the French Revolution. Continue reading “1792 – French Revolution: National Convention – the absolute monarchy abolished.”

1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick is signed

20 September – On this day

The Treaty of Ryswick was signed on this day in 1697 and named after Ryswick (now known as Rijswijk) in the Dutch Republic. The treaty settled the War of the League of Augsburg (Nine Years’ War), which pitted France against the Grand Alliance of England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the United Provinces. Continue reading “1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick is signed”

1356 – The Battle of Poitiers

19 September – On this day

The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France. The battle occurred on this day in 1356 near Poitiers, France. Preceded by the Battle of Crécy in 1346, and followed by the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, it was the second of the three great English victories of the war. Continue reading “1356 – The Battle of Poitiers”

1440 – Gillies de Rais arrested

15 September – On this day

Gilles de Montmorency-Laval (1405 – 1440), Baron de Rais, was a knight and lord from Brittany, Anjou and Poitou, a leader in the French army, and a companion-in-arms of Joan of Arc. He is best known for his reputation and later conviction as a confessed serial killer of children. Continue reading “1440 – Gillies de Rais arrested”

1213 – Battle of Muret

12 September – On this day

At the Battle of Muret was fought on this day in 1213, by the Crusader army of Simon IV de Montfort who defeated the Catharist, Aragonese and Catalan forces of Peter II of Aragon, at Muret near Toulouse. Continue reading “1213 – Battle of Muret”

1419 – Duke of Burgundy assassinated

10 September – On this day

John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, was assassinated on the bridge at Montereau on this day in 1419 during a parley with the French dauphin (the future Charles VII of France), by Tanneguy du Chastel and Jean Louvet, the dauphin’s close counsellors.

Continue reading “1419 – Duke of Burgundy assassinated”

1638 – Louis XIV of France is born

5 September – On this day

Louis XIV was born on in the Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye to Louis XIII and Anne of Austria. Continue reading “1638 – Louis XIV of France is born”

1914 – Battle of the Marne begins

5 September – On this day

Thirty miles north-east of Paris, the French 6th Army under General Michel-Joseph Maunoury begins attacking the right flank of German forces advancing on the French capital. Continue reading “1914 – Battle of the Marne begins”

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