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America

1620 – The Pilgrims set sail from England

16 September – On this day

The Pilgrims finally sailed successfully on this day in 1620, from Plymouth. Continue reading “1620 – The Pilgrims set sail from England”

1777 – Battle of Brandywine

11 September – On this day

The Battle of Brandywine was fought between the American army of General George Washington and the British army of General Sir William Howe on this day in 1777. The British defeated the Americans and forced them to withdraw toward the American capital of Philadelphia. The engagement occurred near Chadds Ford, Pennsylvania during Howe’s campaign to take Philadelphia, part of the American Revolutionary War. Continue reading “1777 – Battle of Brandywine”

1776 – Congress renames the nation …

9 September – On this day

In 1776, the Continental Congress formally declares the name of the new nation to be the “United States” of America. This replaced the term “United Colonies,” which had been in general use. Continue reading “1776 – Congress renames the nation …”

1945 – Official division of Korea begins

8 September – On this day

U.S. troops land in Korea to begin their postwar occupation of the southern part of that nation, Soviet troops had already entered northern Korea to begin their own occupation. Although the U.S. and Soviet occupations were supposed to be temporary, the division of Korea quickly became permanent. Continue reading “1945 – Official division of Korea begins”

1901 – President McKinley shot

6 September – On this day

President William McKinley is shaking hands at the Pan-American Exhibition in Buffalo, New York, when a 28-year-old anarchist named Leon Czolgosz approaches him and fires two shots into his chest. Continue reading “1901 – President McKinley shot”

1886 – Geronimo surrenders

4 September – On this day

Apache chief Geronimo surrenders to U.S. government troops, after a long struggle trying to defend his homeland. Continue reading “1886 – Geronimo surrenders”

1855 – US Army avenges a ‘massacre’ with a massacre

3 September – On this day

The Battle of Ash Hollow, also known as the Battle of Blue Water Creek, was an engagement of the First Sioux War, fought between United States Army soldiers under Brigadier General William S. Harney and a band of the Brulé Lakota along the Platte River in present-day Garden County, Nebraska.

The battle, which the American force won while killing Brulé women and children as well as warriors, was a punitive expedition for the so-called “Grattan Massacre” in August 1854 and for raids by Lakota in its wake during the year following. Continue reading “1855 – US Army avenges a ‘massacre’ with a massacre”

1864 – Battle of Jonesborough

31 August – 2 September

The Battle of Jonesborough (modern name Jonesboro) was fought August 31–September 2 (incorporating the fall of Atlanta), 1864, during the Atlanta Campaign in the American Civil War. Continue reading “1864 – Battle of Jonesborough”

1862 – Battle of Richmond, Kentucky

30 August – On this Day

Confederate forces rout the Union Army of Kentucky … Continue reading “1862 – Battle of Richmond, Kentucky”

1862 – Second Bull Run

28-30 August – Second Battle of Bull Run (Second Manassas)

The culmination of an offensive campaign waged to drive the Union Army of Virginia out of that state. General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia hands a significant defeat to Union forces. Continue reading “1862 – Second Bull Run”

2005 – Hurricane Katrina

29 August – On this day

Hurricane Katrina makes landfall near New Orleans, Louisiana, as a Category 4 storm. Continue reading “2005 – Hurricane Katrina”

1963 – Martin Luther King Jr speaks

28 August – March on Washington

On the steps of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC, King delivered one of his most famous speeches, and the refrain which made the speech one of the best known in US history. Continue reading “1963 – Martin Luther King Jr speaks”

1814 – War of 1812

24 August

The British army enters the US capital, Washington and set many buildings aflame. Continue reading “1814 – War of 1812”

1959 – Hawaii becomes 50th state

21 August – On this day

President Eisenhower signs the proclamation admitting Hawaii into the Union as the 50th state. He also issues the order for a revised American flag featuring 50 stars. This new flag becomes official on 4 July 1960.

Continue reading “1959 – Hawaii becomes 50th state”

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