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18th century

Saturnalia – New Header Image

To celebrate the start of the Ancient Roman Saturnalia festival we have changed our header image to a ‘slice’ taken from Antoine Callet’s oil painting Saturnales. Callet was a French painter who lived 1741 – 1823. He became the official portraitist for Louis XVI, as well as creating allegorical works such as this one.

 

1775 – ARW: Battle of Great Bridge

9 December

The Battle of Great Bridge was fought on this day in 1775, in the area of Great Bridge, Virginia, early in the American Revolutionary War. The victory by Continental Army and militia forces led to the departure of Governor Lord Dunmore and any remaining vestiges of British power from the Colony of Virginia during the early days of the conflict. Continue reading “1775 – ARW: Battle of Great Bridge”

1703 – The Great Storm of 1703

7 December

The Great Storm of 1703 arrived from the southwest on 26 November (7 December in today’s calendar). In London, 2,000 chimney stacks collapsed. The New Forest lost 4,000 oaks. Ships were blown hundreds of miles off-course, and over 1,000 seamen died on the Goodwin Sands alone. News-bulletins of casualties and damage were sold all over England – a novelty at that time. The church declared that the storm was God’s vengeance for the sins of the nation. Daniel Defoe thought it was a divine punishment for poor performance against Catholic armies in the War of the Spanish Succession.

1755 – The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire

2 December

The Eddystone Lighthouse is on the dangerous Eddystone Rocks, 9 statute miles (14 km) south of Rame Head, England, United Kingdom. While Rame Head is in Cornwall, the rocks are in Devon. Continue reading “1755 – The second Eddystone Lighthouse is destroyed by fire”

1811 – Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe

7 November

The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought on this day in, 1811, near present-day Lafayette, Indiana between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Native American warriors associated with the Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Continue reading “1811 – Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe”

1757 – Battle of Rossbach

5 November

The Battle of Rossbach took place on this day in 1757 during the Seven Years’ War (1756–1763) near the village of Roßbach, in the Electorate of Saxony. Continue reading “1757 – Battle of Rossbach”

1791 – American Indians win a major victory over the United States in the Battle of the Wabash

4 November

Battle of the Wabash also known as the St. Clair’s Defeat, was fought on this day in 1791 in the Northwest Territory between the United States and the Western Confederacy of American Indians, as part of the Northwest Indian War. It was one of the worst defeats, in percentage of casualties, suffered by the United States Army. It was also the largest victory ever won by American Indians. Continue reading “1791 – American Indians win a major victory over the United States in the Battle of the Wabash”

1783 – Mozart’s Symphony No. 36 is performed for the first time in Linz, Austria.

4 November

The Symphony No. 36 in C major,(known as the Linz Symphony) was written by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart during a stopover in the Austrian town of Linz Continue reading “1783 – Mozart’s Symphony No. 36 is performed for the first time in Linz, Austria.”

1760 – George III becomes King of Great Britain

25 October – On this day

George III (George William Frederick; 4 June 1738 – 29 January 1820) was King of Great Britain and Ireland when crowned on this day in 1760 until the union of the two countries on 1 January 1801, after which he was King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until his death. Continue reading “1760 – George III becomes King of Great Britain”

1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor

3 October – On this day

Robert Roy MacGregor (baptised 7 March 1671 – 28 December 1734) was a Jacobite and Scottish outlaw, who later became a folk hero. He has been called “the Scottish Robin Hood”. Continue reading “1712 – The Duke of Montrose issues a warrant for the arrest of Rob Roy MacGregor”

1789 – The Battle of Râmnic

22 September – On this day

The Battle of Râmnic was fought on this day in 1789. It took place in Wallachia, near Râmnicu Sărat, during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792. Continue reading “1789 – The Battle of Râmnic”

1792 – French Revolution: National Convention – the absolute monarchy abolished.

21 September – On this day

The National Convention (French: Convention nationale) was a single-chamber assembly in France from 20 September 1792 to 26 October 1795 during the French Revolution. Continue reading “1792 – French Revolution: National Convention – the absolute monarchy abolished.”

1745 – The Battle of Prestonpans

21 September – On this day

The Battle of Prestonpans was the first significant conflict in the Jacobite Rising of 1745. Continue reading “1745 – The Battle of Prestonpans”

1792 – The Battle of Valmy guarantees the survival of Revolutionary France

20 September – On this day

The Battle of Valmy was the first major victory by the army of France during the Revolutionary Wars that followed the French Revolution. The action took place on this day in 1792 as Prussian troops commanded by the Duke of Brunswick attempted to march on Paris. Generals François Kellermann and Charles Dumouriez stopped the advance near the northern village of Valmy in Champagne-Ardenne. Continue reading “1792 – The Battle of Valmy guarantees the survival of Revolutionary France”

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