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WWI

1914 – The Battle of Tannenberg

26-30 August

The Battle of Tannenberg saw the German forces under the command of Paul von Hindenburg inflict one of the most complete defeats in military history on the Russian second army.

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1914 – First Allied shot of WWI fired in Victoria Australia.

5 August

The First Allies shot of the first world war was fired from the Port Phillip batteries. The German ship SS Pfalz was trying to flee Port Phillip after it had been informed of the outbreak of war.

Continue reading “1914 – First Allied shot of WWI fired in Victoria Australia.”

1914 – Germany Declares war on France

3 August

Two days after declaring war on Russia Germany declares war on France, whilst Romania and Switzerland declare their neutrality. Continue reading “1914 – Germany Declares war on France”

1916 -World War One the Battle of Jutland

31 May

The British Grand Fleet under the command of Admiral John Jellicoe, and Vice-Admiral David Beatty, engage the Imperial German Navy under the command of Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer and Vice-Admiral Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive.

Continue reading “1916 -World War One the Battle of Jutland”

1916 – ANZAC Day

25 April

ANZAC Day is commemorated for the first time on the first anniversary of the landing at ANZAC Cove. Continue reading “1916 – ANZAC Day”

1915 – The Battle of Gallipoli begins

25 April

The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula by Australian, British, French and New Zealand troops begins with landings at ANZAC Cove and Cape Helles.

1911 – The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm

29 March

The M1911 is a single-action, semi-automatic, magazine-fed, recoil-operated pistol chambered for the .45 ACP cartridge. It served as the standard-issue sidearm for the United States Armed Forces from 1911 to 1986. Continue reading “1911 – The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm”

1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza

26 March

The First Battle of Gaza was fought on this day in 1917 during the first attempt by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) to invade the south of Palestine in the Ottoman Empire during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. Fighting took place in and around the town of Gaza on the Mediterranean coast when infantry and mounted infantry from the Desert Column, a component of the Eastern Force, attacked the town. Late in the afternoon, on the verge of capturing Gaza, the Desert Column was withdrawn due to concerns about the approaching darkness and large Ottoman reinforcements. This British defeat was followed a few weeks later by the even more emphatic defeat of the Eastern Force at the Second Battle of Gaza in April 1917. Continue reading “1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza”

1918 – The first case of Spanish flu occurs

11 March

The 1918 flu pandemic (January 1918 – December 1920) was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus. It infected 500 million people across the world, including remote Pacific islands and the Arctic, and resulted in the deaths of 50 to 100 million (three to five percent of the world’s population), making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history. Continue reading “1918 – The first case of Spanish flu occurs”

1916 – USS Nevada (BB-36) is commissioned into the US Navy

11 March

USS Nevada (BB-36), the second United States Navy ship to be named after the 36th state, was the lead ship of the two Nevada-class battleships; her sister ship was Oklahoma. Launched in 1914, the Nevada was a leap forward in dreadnought technology; four of her new features would be included on almost every subsequent US battleship: triple gun turrets, oil in place of coal for fuel, geared steam turbines for greater range, and the “all or nothing” armour principle. These features made Nevada the first US Navy “super-dreadnought”. Continue reading “1916 – USS Nevada (BB-36) is commissioned into the US Navy”

1915 – The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins

10 March

The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place during the First World War and was the first major operation undertaken by the British Army since the frontier battles of 1914. The offensive occurred in the Artois region of France and broke through at Neuve-Chapelle but the success could not be exploited. Continue reading “1915 – The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins”

1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established to support the war in Algeria

10 March

The French Foreign Legion was created by Louis Philippe, the King of the French, on this day in 1831 from the foreign regiments of the Kingdom of France. Recruits included soldiers from the recently disbanded Swiss and German foreign regiments of the Bourbon monarchy. The Royal Ordinance for the establishment of the new regiment specified that the foreigners recruited could only serve outside France. The French expeditionary force that had occupied Algiers in 1830 was in need of reinforcements and the Legion was accordingly transferred by sea in detachments from Toulon to Algeria. Continue reading “1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established to support the war in Algeria”

1906 – HMS Dreadnought, the first of a revolutionary new breed of battleships is christened and launched by King Edward VII

10 February

HMS Dreadnought was a battleship of the Royal Navy that revolutionised naval power. Her entry into service in 1906 represented such a paradigm shift in naval technology that her name came to be associated with an entire generation of battleships, the “dreadnoughts”, as well as the class of ships named after her. The generation of ships she made obsolete became known as “pre-dreadnoughts”. She was the sixth ship of that name in the Royal Navy. Continue reading “1906 – HMS Dreadnought, the first of a revolutionary new breed of battleships is christened and launched by King Edward VII”

1915 – World War One: the Battle of Dogger Bank

24 January

The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle fought near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea on this day in 1915, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet. Continue reading “1915 – World War One: the Battle of Dogger Bank”

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