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Siege

1202 – The Crusader Siege of Zara

On This Day – 10 November 1202

The siege of Zara began. This was the first major action of the fourth crusade and the first attack against a Catholic city by Catholic crusaders. The attack was forbidden by Pope Innocent III who threatened the crusaders with excommunication.

Continue reading “1202 – The Crusader Siege of Zara”

718 – Raising of the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople

15 August

The Second Arab siege of Constantinople (717–718) was finally raised after a year of conflict. Continue reading “718 – Raising of the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople”

717 – Second Arab Siege of Constantinople begins

15 August

The Second Arab siege of Constantinople in 717–718 was a combined land and sea offensive by the Muslim Arabs of the Umayyad Caliphate against the capital city of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire), Constantinople. Continue reading “717 – Second Arab Siege of Constantinople begins”

1184 BC – Traditional date of the fall of Troy

24 April

In Greek mythology, the Trojan War was waged against the city of Troy by the Achaeans (Greeks) after Paris of Troy took Helen from her husband Menelaus, king of Sparta. Continue reading “1184 BC – Traditional date of the fall of Troy”

845 – Paris is sacked by Viking raiders

29 March

The Siege of Paris and the Sack of Paris of 845 was the culmination of a Viking invasion of the kingdom of the West Franks. The Viking forces were led by a Norse chieftain named “Reginherus”, or Ragnar, who traditionally has been identified with the legendary saga character Ragnar Lodbrok. Ragnar’s fleet of 120 Viking ships, carrying thousands of men, entered the Seine in March and proceeded sailing up the river. The West Frankish king Charles the Bald assembled a smaller army in response, but as the Vikings defeated one division, comprising half of the army, the remaining forces retreated. The Vikings reached Paris at the end of the month, during Easter. After plundering and occupying the city, the Vikings finally withdrew after receiving a ransom payment of 7,000 French livres (2,570 kilograms or 5,670 pounds) of silver and gold from Charles the Bald. Continue reading “845 – Paris is sacked by Viking raiders”

1885 – The Fall of Khartoum

Fall of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. After a siege of almost a year from 13 March, 1884, to 26 January, 1885 the Mahdist army stormed the city. Continue reading “1885 – The Fall of Khartoum”

1899 – The Boers begin their 118-day siege of British-held Ladysmith

2 November

During the Second Boer War British commander Lieutenant General Sir George White made Ladysmith his centre of operations for the protection of Natal against the Boer forces. Continue reading “1899 – The Boers begin their 118-day siege of British-held Ladysmith”

1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins when the Ottomans attack the city.

27 September – On this day

The Siege of Vienna in 1529 was the first attempt by the Ottoman Empire, led by Suleiman the Magnificent, to capture the city of Vienna, Austria. Continue reading “1529 – The Siege of Vienna begins when the Ottomans attack the city.”

1586 – The Battle of Zutphen

22 September – On this day

The Battle of Zutphen was fought on this day in 1586, near the town of Zutphen, the Netherlands, during the Eighty Years’ War. Continue reading “1586 – The Battle of Zutphen”

1437 – Battle of Tangier

13 September – On this day

The Battle of Tangier, also known as the Siege of Tangiers, refers to the attempt by a Portuguese expeditionary force to seize the Moroccan citadel of Tangier, and their subsequent defeat by the armies of the Marinid sultanate of Morocco. Continue reading “1437 – Battle of Tangier”

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