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Naval

WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea

On This Day – 7th/8th May 1942

The Battle of the Coral Sea is fought to stop the Japanese-planned capture of Port Moresby. It is a confused engagement and is the first major naval battle fought without visual contact being made between the surface forces of the opposing fleets. Continue reading “WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea”

WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Battle of the Atlantic

4 September 1941

During a convoy operation the US destroyer Greer is attacked by a German U-Boat.

Continue reading “WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Battle of the Atlantic”

718 – Raising of the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople

15 August

The Second Arab siege of Constantinople (717–718) was finally raised after a year of conflict. Continue reading “718 – Raising of the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople”

1905 – Battleship Potemkin.

27 June

During the Russo-Japanese War, sailors start a mutiny aboard the Russian battleship Potemkin.

Continue reading “1905 – Battleship Potemkin.”

1839 – Humen, China

3 June

Lin Tse-hsü destroys 1.2 million kg of opium confiscated from British merchants, providing Britain with a casus belli to open hostilities, resulting in the First Opium War. Continue reading “1839 – Humen, China”

1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt

24 May

The Fifth Crusade (1213–1221) was an attempt by Western Europeans to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.

Continue reading “1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt”

1915 – The Battle of Gallipoli begins

25 April

The invasion of the Turkish Gallipoli Peninsula by Australian, British, French and New Zealand troops begins with landings at ANZAC Cove and Cape Helles.

1986 – The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War ends

17 April

The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War was an alleged theoretical state of war between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly (located off the southwest coast of Great Britain). Continue reading “1986 – The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War ends”

1606 – The Union Flag is adopted

April

The precursor to the ‘Union Jack’, the Union Flag is adopted in this year as a consequence of the personal union of the crowns of England and Scotland.

Continue reading “1606 – The Union Flag is adopted”

1963 – Submarine USS Thresher lost at sea

April

USS Thresher (SSN-593) was the lead boat of her class of nuclear-powered attack submarines in the United States Navy. She was lost with all hands during deep-diving tests on 10 April 1963.

Continue reading “1963 – Submarine USS Thresher lost at sea”

1909 – Construction of the ill fated RMS Titanic begins

31 March

The name Titanic was derived from Greek mythology and meant gigantic. Built in Belfast, Ireland, in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland (as it was then known), the RMS Titanic was the second of the three Olympic-class ocean liners—the first was the RMS Olympic and the third was the HMHS Britannic. They were by far the largest vessels of the British shipping company White Star Line’s fleet, which comprised 29 steamers and tenders in 1912. The three ships had their genesis in a discussion in mid-1907 between the White Star Line’s chairman, J. Bruce Ismay, and the American financier J. P. Morgan, who controlled the White Star Line’s parent corporation, the International Mercantile Marine Co. (IMM). Continue reading “1909 – Construction of the ill fated RMS Titanic begins”

1878 – The British frigate HMS Eurydice sinks, killing more than 300

24 March

HMS Eurydice was a 26-gun Royal Navy corvette which was the victim of one of Britain’s worst peace-time naval disasters when she sank in 1878. Continue reading “1878 – The British frigate HMS Eurydice sinks, killing more than 300”

1922 – The USS Langley is commissioned

20 March

USS Langley (CV-1/AV-3) was the United States Navy’s first aircraft carrier, converted in 1920 from the collier USS Jupiter (AC-3), and also the U.S. Navy’s first turbo-electric-powered ship. Continue reading “1922 – The USS Langley is commissioned”

1757 – Admiral Sir John Byng is executed by firing squad

14 March

Admiral John Byng (baptised 29 October 1704 – 14 March 1757) was a Royal Navy officer. After joining the navy at the age of thirteen, he participated at the Battle of Cape Passaro in 1718. Over the next thirty years he built up a reputation as a solid naval officer and received promotion to vice-admiral in 1747. Byng is best known for failing to relieve a besieged British garrison during the Battle of Minorca at the beginning of the Seven Years’ War. Byng had sailed for Minorca at the head of a hastily assembled fleet of vessels, some of which were in poor condition. He fought an inconclusive engagement with a French fleet off the Minorca coast, and then elected to return to Gibraltar to repair his ships. Byng was subsequently court-martialled and found guilty of failing to “do his utmost” to prevent Minorca falling to the French. He was sentenced to death and shot by firing squad on 14 March 1757. Continue reading “1757 – Admiral Sir John Byng is executed by firing squad”

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