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Massacre

Have Australia’s gun law reforms effectively stopped firearm massacres?

Published recently in the Annals of Internal Medicine, scholars at the University of Sydney and Macquarie University used mathematical techniques to test the null hypothesis that the rate of mass shootings in Australia before and after the 1996 law reforms is unchanged.

The National Firearms Agreement, enacted after the Port Arthur massacre in Tasmania in which 35 died and another 23 were seriously injured, saw the destruction of more than a million firearms—perhaps a third of the country’s private gun stock.

Continue reading “Have Australia’s gun law reforms effectively stopped firearm massacres?”

1870 – The Marias Massacre of Blackfeet Indians

On This Day – 23 January 1870

Colonel Eugene Baker ordered his troops to attack a camp of sleeping Blackfeet Indians along the Marias River.

Continue reading “1870 – The Marias Massacre of Blackfeet Indians”

778 – The Battle of Roncevaux Pass

15 August

The Battle of Roncevaux Pass in 778 saw a large force of Basques ambush a part of Charlemagne’s army in Roncevaux Pass, a high mountain pass in the Pyrenees on the border between France and Spain, after his invasion of the Iberian Peninsula. Continue reading “778 – The Battle of Roncevaux Pass”

1756 – The Black Hole of Calcutta

20 June

The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small dungeon in Fort William, in Calcutta, India, where troops of the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war after the Bengali army captured the fort on this day in 1756.

Continue reading “1756 – The Black Hole of Calcutta”

1915 – The Armenian Genocide begins

24 April

The Armenian Genocide was the Ottoman government’s systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects inside their historic homeland, which lies within the present-day Republic of Turkey. Continue reading “1915 – The Armenian Genocide begins”

1715 – The Yamasee War begins

14 April

The Yamasee War (1715–1717) was a conflict between British settlers of South Carolina and various Native American tribes, including the Yamasee and others. Some of the Native American Indian groups played a minor role while others launched attacks throughout South Carolina in an attempt to destroy the colony. Continue reading “1715 – The Yamasee War begins”

1622 – Jamestown massacre

22 March

The Indian Massacre of 1622 took place in the English Colony of Virginia, in what now the United States, on this day in 1622. Continue reading “1622 – Jamestown massacre”

1968 – Vietnam War: The My Lai Massacre

16 March

The Mỹ Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass killing of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on this day in 1968. It was committed by U.S. Army soldiers from the Company C of the 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the 23rd (Americal) Infantry Division. Victims included men, women, children, and infants. Some of the women were gang-raped and their bodies mutilated. Twenty-six soldiers were charged with criminal offences, but only Lieutenant William Calley Jr., a platoon leader in C Company, was convicted. Found guilty of killing 22 villagers, he was originally given a life sentence, but served only three and a half years under house arrest. Continue reading “1968 – Vietnam War: The My Lai Massacre”

1812 – Siege of Badajoz begins

16 March

In the Siege of Badajoz (16 March – 6 April 1812), also called the Third Siege of Badajoz, an Anglo-Portuguese Army, under General Arthur Wellesley (later the Duke of Wellington), besieged Badajoz, Spain and forced the surrender of the French garrison. Continue reading “1812 – Siege of Badajoz begins”

1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre

8 March

The Gnadenhutten massacre, was the killing of 96 Christian Lenape (Delaware) by colonial American militia from Pennsylvania on this day in 1782 at the Moravian missionary village of Gnadenhutten, Ohio during the American Revolutionary War. Continue reading “1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre”

1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo

6 March

The Battle of the Alamo (23 February – 6 March, 1836) was a pivotal event in the Texas Revolution. Following a 13-day siege, Mexican troops under President General Antonio López de Santa Anna launched an assault on the Alamo Mission near San Antonio de Béxar (modern-day San Antonio, Texas, United States), killing all of the Texian defenders. Santa Anna’s cruelty during the battle inspired many Texians—both Texas settlers and adventurers from the United States—to join the Texian Army. Buoyed by a desire for revenge, the Texians defeated the Mexican Army at the Battle of San Jacinto, on 21 April, 1836, ending the revolution. Continue reading “1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo”

1704 – Queen Anne’s War: Raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts

29 February

The 1704 Raid on Deerfield (or the Deerfield Massacre) occurred during Queen Anne’s War on this day, when French and Native American forces under the command of Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville attacked the English frontier settlement at Deerfield, Massachusetts, just before dawn, burning part of the town, killing 47 villagers, and taking 112 settlers captive to Canada, of whom 60 were later redeemed. Continue reading “1704 – Queen Anne’s War: Raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts”

1905 – Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution

22 January

Bloody Sunday is the name given to the events of Sunday, 22 January 1905 in St.Petersburg, Russia, when unarmed demonstrators led by Father Georgy Gapon were fired upon by soldiers of the Imperial Guard as they marched towards the Winter Palace to present a petition to Tsar Nicholas II of Russia. Continue reading “1905 – Bloody Sunday in Saint Petersburg, beginning of the 1905 revolution”

1990 – The Red Army crackdown on civil protests in Baku, Azerbaijan

20 January

A violent crackdown in Baku on 19-20 January, 1990, pursuant to a state of emergency during the dissolution of the Soviet Union became known as Black January. Continue reading “1990 – The Red Army crackdown on civil protests in Baku, Azerbaijan”

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