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Japan

WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea

On This Day – 7th/8th May 1942

The Battle of the Coral Sea is fought to stop the Japanese-planned capture of Port Moresby. It is a confused engagement and is the first major naval battle fought without visual contact being made between the surface forces of the opposing fleets. Continue reading “WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea”

1941 – Roosevelt Declares War on Japan

On This Day – 8 December 1941

One day after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbour by the Japanese military the American President Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the US to declare war on Japan.

Continue reading “1941 – Roosevelt Declares War on Japan”

1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”

19-20 June

The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive U.S. naval victory over the forces of the Empire of Japan. The lopsided naval air battle is also known as the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”.

Continue reading “1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot””

1615 – Siege of Osaka

Forces under Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle and destroy the Toyotomi clan, eliminating the final opposition to the Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan.

Continue reading “1615 – Siege of Osaka”

1945 – The Battle of Slater’s Knoll

28 March – 6 April

The Battle of Slater’s Knoll (28 March – 6 April 1945) was a battle during the Second World War fought between Australian and Japanese forces on Bougainville Island. Continue reading “1945 – The Battle of Slater’s Knoll”

1944 – Merrill’s Marauders

24 February

The Marauders begin their 1,000-mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma. Continue reading “1944 – Merrill’s Marauders”

1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down

3 January

Gregory “Pappy” Boyington (4 December, 1912 – 11 January, 1988) was an American combat pilot who was a United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II. He received both the Medal of Honor and the Navy Cross. Continue reading “1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down”

1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world

27 December

Hōshō (literally meaning,”phoenix in flight”) was the world’s first commissioned ship that was designed and built as an aircraft carrier, and the first aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). Continue reading “1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world”

1707 – Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan

16 December

Mount Fuji, located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft). An active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08, Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Continue reading “1707 – Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan”

1913 – Haruna, the fourth and last Kongō-class ship, launches

14 December

Haruna named after Mount Haruna, was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston, she was the fourth and last battlecruiser of the Kongō class, amongst the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. Continue reading “1913 – Haruna, the fourth and last Kongō-class ship, launches”

1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident

12 December

The USS Panay incident was a Japanese attack on the American gunboat Panay while it was anchored in the Yangtze River outside Nanking,  China on this day in 1937. Continue reading “1937 – Second Sino-Japanese War: USS Panay incident”

1941 – World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor

7 December

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, in the United States Territory of Hawaii, on the morning of 7 Dec 1941. The attack led to the United States’ entry into World War II. Continue reading “1941 – World War II: Attack on Pearl Harbor”

1942 – World War II: Battle of Tassafaronga

30 November

The Battle of Tassafaronga, also referred to as the Fourth Battle of Savo Island was a night naval battle that took place on this day in 1942 between United States Navy and Imperial Japanese Navy warships during the Guadalcanal campaign. The battle took place in Ironbottom Sound near the Tassafaronga area on Guadalcanal. Continue reading “1942 – World War II: Battle of Tassafaronga”

1954 – The first Godzilla film is released

3 November

Godzilla is a 1954 Japanese science fiction film directed by Ishirō Honda. The film stars Akira Takarada, Momoko Kōchi, Akihiko Hirata, Takashi Shimura and Haruo Nakajima, who portrayed the titular character until his retirement in 1972. Continue reading “1954 – The first Godzilla film is released”

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