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Japan

WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea

On This Day – 7th/8th May 1942

The Battle of the Coral Sea is fought to stop the Japanese-planned capture of Port Moresby. It is a confused engagement and is the first major naval battle fought without visual contact being made between the surface forces of the opposing fleets. Continue reading “WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea”

1941 – Roosevelt Declares War on Japan

On This Day – 8 December 1941

One day after the surprise attack on Pearl Harbour by the Japanese military the American President Franklin D. Roosevelt called for the US to declare war on Japan.

Continue reading “1941 – Roosevelt Declares War on Japan”

1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”

19-20 June

The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive U.S. naval victory over the forces of the Empire of Japan. The lopsided naval air battle is also known as the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”.

Continue reading “1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot””

1615 – Siege of Osaka

Forces under Tokugawa Ieyasu take Osaka Castle and destroy the Toyotomi clan, eliminating the final opposition to the Tokugawa Shogunate in Japan.

Continue reading “1615 – Siege of Osaka”

1945 – The Battle of Slater’s Knoll

28 March – 6 April

The Battle of Slater’s Knoll (28 March – 6 April 1945) was a battle during the Second World War fought between Australian and Japanese forces on Bougainville Island. Continue reading “1945 – The Battle of Slater’s Knoll”

1944 – Merrill’s Marauders

24 February

The Marauders begin their 1,000-mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma. Continue reading “1944 – Merrill’s Marauders”

1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down

3 January

Gregory “Pappy” Boyington (4 December, 1912 – 11 January, 1988) was an American combat pilot who was a United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II. He received both the Medal of Honor and the Navy Cross. Continue reading “1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down”

1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world

27 December

Hōshō (literally meaning,”phoenix in flight”) was the world’s first commissioned ship that was designed and built as an aircraft carrier, and the first aircraft carrier of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN). Continue reading “1922 – Japanese aircraft carrier Hōshō becomes the first purpose built aircraft carrier to be commissioned in the world”

1707 – Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan

16 December

Mount Fuji, located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft). An active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08, Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Continue reading “1707 – Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan”

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