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Asia

1954 – President Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech

7 April

The domino theory was a theory prominent from the 1950s to the 1980s, that speculated that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect. Continue reading “1954 – President Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech”

1782 – King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke founds the Chakri dynasty

6 April

Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok also known as Rama I (20 March 1737 – 7 September 1809), was the founder and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri of Siam (now Thailand). Continue reading “1782 – King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke founds the Chakri dynasty”

1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish

14 March

The Johnson South Reef Skirmish of 1988 was a naval battle that took place between Chinese and Vietnamese forces over Johnson South Reef in the Spratly Islands on this day. Continue reading “1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish”

1959 – Tibetan uprising

10 March

The 1959 Tibetan Uprising or 1959 Tibetan Rebellion began on this day in 1959, when a revolt erupted in Lhasa, the capital of Tibet, which had been under the effective control of the Communist Party of China since the Seventeen Point Agreement in 1951. Continue reading “1959 – Tibetan uprising”

1944 – Merrill’s Marauders

24 February

The Marauders begin their 1,000-mile journey through Japanese occupied Burma. Continue reading “1944 – Merrill’s Marauders”

1826 – The Treaty of Yandabo marks the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War

24 February

The Treaty of Yandabo was the peace treaty that ended the First Anglo-Burmese War. The treaty was signed on this day in 1826, nearly two years after the war formally broke out on 5 March 1824, by General Sir Archibald Campbell on the British side, and the Governor of Legaing Maha Min Hla Kyaw Htin from the Burmese side. With the British army at Yandabo village, only 80 km (50 mi) from the capital Ava, the Burmese were forced to accept the British terms without discussion. Continue reading “1826 – The Treaty of Yandabo marks the end of the First Anglo-Burmese War”

2008 – Namdaemun, a 550-year-old gate in South Korea, was toppled by fire

11 February

Namdaemun, Gate of Exalted Ceremonies, is one of the Eight Gates in the Fortress Wall of Seoul, South Korea, which surrounded the city in the Joseon dynasty. The gate is located in Jung-gu between Seoul Station and Seoul Plaza, with the historic 24-hour Namdaemun market next to the gate. Continue reading “2008 – Namdaemun, a 550-year-old gate in South Korea, was toppled by fire”

1930 – Yên Bái mutiny in French Indochina

10 February

The Yên Bái mutiny was an uprising of Vietnamese soldiers in the French colonial army on this day in 1930 in collaboration with civilian supporters who were members of the Việt Nam Quốc Dân Đảng (VNQDĐ, the Vietnamese Nationalist Party). Continue reading “1930 – Yên Bái mutiny in French Indochina”

1940/41 – Franco-Thai War

17 January

The Franco-Thai War (October, 1940– 9 May, 1941) was fought between Thailand (Siam) and France over certain areas of French Indochina. Continue reading “1940/41 – Franco-Thai War”

1842 – Dr. William Brydon

13 January

William Brydon CB (10 October 1811 – 20 March 1873) was an assistant surgeon in the British East India Company Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, famous for reportedly being the only member of an army of 4,500 men, plus accompanying civilians, to reach safety in Jalalabad at the end of the long retreat from Kabul. Continue reading “1842 – Dr. William Brydon”

1963 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac

2 January

The Battle of Ấp Bắc was a major battle fought on this day in 1963, during the Vietnam War. It was fought in Định Tường Province (now part of Tiền Giang Province), South Vietnam. Continue reading “1963 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac”

1600 – The British East India Company is chartered

31 December

The East India Company (EIC), also known as the Honourable East India Company and informally as John Company was an English and later British joint-stock company, formed to pursue trade with the East Indies, but which ended up trading mainly with the Indian subcontinent and Qing China. Continue reading “1600 – The British East India Company is chartered”

1922 – The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is formed

30 December

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (abbreviated to USSR (Russian: СССР) or shortened to the Soviet Union, was a Marxist–Leninist state on the Eurasian continent that existed between 1922 and 1991. A union of multiple sub-national Soviet republics, its government and economy were highly centralized. The Soviet Union was a single-party state, governed by the Communist Party with Moscow as its capital. Continue reading “1922 – The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics is formed”

1946 – Start of the First Indochina War

19 December

The First Indochina War began in French Indochina on this day in 1946 and lasted until 1 August 1954. Fighting between French forces and their Viet Minh opponents in the South dated from September 1945. Continue reading “1946 – Start of the First Indochina War”

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