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18th Century

Saturnalia – New Header Image

To celebrate the start of the Ancient Roman Saturnalia festival we have changed our header image to a ‘slice’ taken from Antoine Callet’s oil painting Saturnales. Callet was a French painter who lived 1741 – 1823. He became the official portraitist for Louis XVI, as well as creating allegorical works such as this one.

 

1743 – Battle of Dettingen

27 June

George II becomes the last reigning British monarch to participate in a battle when he commands his army at Dettingen. Continue reading “1743 – Battle of Dettingen”

1756 – The Black Hole of Calcutta

20 June

The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small dungeon in Fort William, in Calcutta, India, where troops of the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war after the Bengali army captured the fort on this day in 1756.

Continue reading “1756 – The Black Hole of Calcutta”

1770 – Marie Antoinette marries

16 May

A 14-year-old Marie Antoinette marries 15-year-old Louis-Auguste who later becomes king of France. Continue reading “1770 – Marie Antoinette marries”

1986 – The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War ends

17 April

The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War was an alleged theoretical state of war between the Netherlands and the Isles of Scilly (located off the southwest coast of Great Britain). Continue reading “1986 – The Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War ends”

1715 – The Yamasee War begins

14 April

The Yamasee War (1715–1717) was a conflict between British settlers of South Carolina and various Native American tribes, including the Yamasee and others. Some of the Native American Indian groups played a minor role while others launched attacks throughout South Carolina in an attempt to destroy the colony. Continue reading “1715 – The Yamasee War begins”

1770 – William Wordsworth, English poet is born

7 April

William Wordsworth (7 April 1770 – 23 April 1850) was a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads (1798). Continue reading “1770 – William Wordsworth, English poet is born”

1782 – King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke founds the Chakri dynasty

6 April

Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok also known as Rama I (20 March 1737 – 7 September 1809), was the founder and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri of Siam (now Thailand). Continue reading “1782 – King Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke founds the Chakri dynasty”

1841 – William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia

4 April

William Henry Harrison (9 February 1773 – 4 April 1841) was the ninth President of the United States (1841), an American military officer and politician, and the last President born as a British subject. He was also the first president to die in office. Continue reading “1841 – William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia”

1809 – Peninsular War: the Battle of Ciudad Real

27 March

The Battle of Ciudad Real was fought on this day in 1809, and resulted in a French victory under General Sebastiani against the Spanish under General Conde de Cartojal. Continue reading “1809 – Peninsular War: the Battle of Ciudad Real”

1781 – Battle of Guilford Court House

15 March

The Battle of Guilford Court House was a fought on this day in 1781, at a site which is now in Greensboro, Guilford County, North Carolina, during the American Revolutionary War. A 2,100-man British force under the command of Lieutenant General Charles Cornwallis defeated Major General Nathanael Greene’s 4,500 Americans. The British Army, however, lost a considerable number of men during the battle with estimates as high as 27%. Such heavy British casualties resulted in a strategic victory for the Americans. Continue reading “1781 – Battle of Guilford Court House”

1757 – Admiral Sir John Byng is executed by firing squad

14 March

Admiral John Byng (baptised 29 October 1704 – 14 March 1757) was a Royal Navy officer. After joining the navy at the age of thirteen, he participated at the Battle of Cape Passaro in 1718. Over the next thirty years he built up a reputation as a solid naval officer and received promotion to vice-admiral in 1747. Byng is best known for failing to relieve a besieged British garrison during the Battle of Minorca at the beginning of the Seven Years’ War. Byng had sailed for Minorca at the head of a hastily assembled fleet of vessels, some of which were in poor condition. He fought an inconclusive engagement with a French fleet off the Minorca coast, and then elected to return to Gibraltar to repair his ships. Byng was subsequently court-martialled and found guilty of failing to “do his utmost” to prevent Minorca falling to the French. He was sentenced to death and shot by firing squad on 14 March 1757. Continue reading “1757 – Admiral Sir John Byng is executed by firing squad”

Battle-scarred skull found at Culloden 3D scanned

A part of a skull thought to belong to a combatant at the battle of Culloden has been turned into a digital 3D model.

Continue reading “Battle-scarred skull found at Culloden 3D scanned”

1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre

8 March

The Gnadenhutten massacre, was the killing of 96 Christian Lenape (Delaware) by colonial American militia from Pennsylvania on this day in 1782 at the Moravian missionary village of Gnadenhutten, Ohio during the American Revolutionary War. Continue reading “1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre”

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