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17th Century

1642 – Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand

13 December

Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 – 10 October 1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer, and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands. Continue reading “1642 – Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand”

1648 – “Pride’s Purge”, a military coup d’état ends the Long Parliament

6 December

Pride’s Purge was an event that took place in December 1648, during the Second English Civil War, when troops under the command of Colonel Thomas Pride forcibly removed from the Long Parliament all those who were not supporters of the Grandees in the New Model Army and the Independents. It is arguably the only military coup d’état in English history. Continue reading “1648 – “Pride’s Purge”, a military coup d’état ends the Long Parliament”

1627 – The Battle of Oliwa.

28 November

The naval Battle of Oliwa, took place on this day in 1627 during the Polish-Swedish War. Continue reading “1627 – The Battle of Oliwa.”

1642 – Battle of Turnham Green: The Royalist forces fail to take London

13 November

The Battle of Turnham Green occurred on this day in 1642 near the village of Turnham Green, at the end of the first campaigning season of the First English Civil War.

Continue reading “1642 – Battle of Turnham Green: The Royalist forces fail to take London”

1620 – The Battle of White Mountain

8 November

The Battle of White Mountain, was an early battle in the Thirty Years’ War fought on this day in 1620. Continue reading “1620 – The Battle of White Mountain”

1665 – The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published

7 November

The London Gazette is one of the official journals of record of the British government, and the most important among such official journals in the United Kingdom, in which certain statutory notices are required to be published. Continue reading “1665 – The London Gazette, the oldest surviving journal, is first published”

1604 – Supernova 1604 first observed

9 October – On this day

Supernova 1604, also known as Kepler’s Supernova, Kepler’s Nova or Kepler’s Star, was a supernova that occurred in the Milky Way, in the constellation Ophiuchus. Continue reading “1604 – Supernova 1604 first observed”

1636 – The Battle of Wittstock confirms Swedes are not a spent force

4 October – On this day

The Battle of Wittstock took place during the Thirty Years’ War (1618-1648). It was fought on this day in 1636. A Swedish-allied army commanded jointly by Johan Banér and Alexander Leslie, decisively defeated a combined Imperial-Saxon army, led by Count Melchior von Hatzfeld and the Saxon Elector John George I. Continue reading “1636 – The Battle of Wittstock confirms Swedes are not a spent force”

1645 – The Battle of Rowton Heath

24 September – On this day

The Battle of Rowton Heath (also known as the Battle of Rowton Moor), occurred on this day in 1645 during the English Civil War. Fought by the Parliamentarians, commanded by Sydnam Poyntz, and the Royalists under the personal command of King Charles I, it was a significant defeat for the Royalists, with heavy losses and Charles prevented from relieving the Siege of Chester. Continue reading “1645 – The Battle of Rowton Heath”

1568 – The Battle of San Juan de Ulúa

23 September – On this day

The Battle of San Juan de Ulúa was a battle between English privateers and Spanish forces at San Juan de Ulúa (in modern Veracruz). It marked the end of the campaign carried out by an English flotilla of six ships that had systematically conducted illegal trade in the Caribbean Sea, including the slave trade, imposing it even by force. Continue reading “1568 – The Battle of San Juan de Ulúa”

1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick is signed

20 September – On this day

The Treaty of Ryswick was signed on this day in 1697 and named after Ryswick (now known as Rijswijk) in the Dutch Republic. The treaty settled the War of the League of Augsburg (Nine Years’ War), which pitted France against the Grand Alliance of England, Spain, the Holy Roman Empire and the United Provinces. Continue reading “1697 – The Treaty of Ryswick is signed”

1631 – Battle of Breitenfeld

17 September – On this day

The Battle of Breitenfeld, was fought at a crossroads near Breitenfeld approximately five miles north-west of the walled city of Leipzig on this day in 1631. It was the Protestants’ first major victory of the Thirty Years War. Continue reading “1631 – Battle of Breitenfeld”

1620 – The Pilgrims set sail from England

16 September – On this day

The Pilgrims finally sailed successfully on this day in 1620, from Plymouth. Continue reading “1620 – The Pilgrims set sail from England”

1645 – Battle of Philiphaugh

13 September – On this day

The Battle of Philiphaugh was fought on this day in 1645 during the Civil War near Selkirk in the Scottish Borders. The Royalist force of the Marquis of Montrose was destroyed by the Covenanter army of Sir David Leslie, restoring the power of the Committee of Estates. Continue reading “1645 – Battle of Philiphaugh”

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