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15th Century

1444 – Battle of Varna: Crusading forces defeated

10 November

The Battle of Varna took place on this day in 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria. The Ottoman Army under Sultan Murad II defeated the Hungarian-Polish and Wallachian armies commanded by Władysław III of Poland (also King of Hungary), John Hunyadi (acting as commander of the combined Christian forces) and Mircea II of Wallachia. It was the final battle of the Crusade of Varna. Continue reading “1444 – Battle of Varna: Crusading forces defeated”

1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan is born

6 November

Suleiman I (6 Nov, 1494 – 7 Sep, 1566), commonly known as Suleiman the Magnificent in the West, was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. Continue reading “1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan is born”

1467 – Battle of Brustem

28 October – On this day

The Battle of Brustem was fought on this day in 1467 in Brustem, near Sint-Truiden (present-day Belgium) between the Duchy of Burgundy and Liège, as part of the Second Liège War. Continue reading “1467 – Battle of Brustem”

1415 – The Battle of Agincourt

25 October – On this day

The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory in the Hundred Years’ War. The battle took place on Friday, 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin’s Day), near modern-day Azincourt, in northern France.  Continue reading “1415 – The Battle of Agincourt”

1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn

October

The Thirteen Years’ War also called the War of the Cities, was a conflict fought in 1454–66 between the Prussian Confederation, allied with the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, and the State of the Teutonic Order. Continue reading “1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn”

1470 – Richard Neville forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands

2 October

Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471), was an English nobleman, and one of the premier Yorkist leaders in the Wars of the Roses. The son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age, and he was instrumental in the deposition of two kings, a fact which later earned him his epithet of “Kingmaker” to later generations. Continue reading “1470 – Richard Neville forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands”

1459 – The Battle of Blore Heath

23 September – On this day

The Battle of Blore Heath was one of the first major battles in the English Wars of the Roses. It was fought on this day in 1459, at Blore Heath in Staffordshire, two miles east of the town of Market Drayton in Shropshire, England. Continue reading “1459 – The Battle of Blore Heath”

1462 – Battle of Świecino

17 September – On this day

The Battle of Świecino (named for the village of Świecino, near Żarnowiec Lake, northern Poland) also called the Battle of Żarnowiec or in German Battle of Schwetz, took place on this day in 1462 during the Thirteen Years’ War. Continue reading “1462 – Battle of Świecino”

1400 – Owain Glyndŵr claims title ‘Prince of Wales’

16 September – On this day

Owain Glyndŵr was a Welsh ruler and the last native Welshman to hold the title Prince of Wales, when followers declared him thus, on this day in 1400. He instigated a fierce and long-running but ultimately unsuccessful revolt against the English rule of Wales. Continue reading “1400 – Owain Glyndŵr claims title ‘Prince of Wales’”

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