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15th Century

1444 – Battle of Varna: Crusading forces defeated

10 November

The Battle of Varna took place on this day in 1444 near Varna in eastern Bulgaria. The Ottoman Army under Sultan Murad II defeated the Hungarian-Polish and Wallachian armies commanded by Władysław III of Poland (also King of Hungary), John Hunyadi (acting as commander of the combined Christian forces) and Mircea II of Wallachia. It was the final battle of the Crusade of Varna. Continue reading “1444 – Battle of Varna: Crusading forces defeated”

1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan is born

6 November

Suleiman I (6 Nov, 1494 – 7 Sep, 1566), commonly known as Suleiman the Magnificent in the West, was the tenth and longest-reigning Sultan of the Ottoman Empire, from 1520 to his death in 1566. Continue reading “1494 – Suleiman the Magnificent, Ottoman sultan is born”

1467 – Battle of Brustem

28 October – On this day

The Battle of Brustem was fought on this day in 1467 in Brustem, near Sint-Truiden (present-day Belgium) between the Duchy of Burgundy and Liège, as part of the Second Liège War. Continue reading “1467 – Battle of Brustem”

1415 – The Battle of Agincourt

25 October – On this day

The Battle of Agincourt was a major English victory in the Hundred Years’ War. The battle took place on Friday, 25 October 1415 (Saint Crispin’s Day), near modern-day Azincourt, in northern France.  Continue reading “1415 – The Battle of Agincourt”

1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn

October

The Thirteen Years’ War also called the War of the Cities, was a conflict fought in 1454–66 between the Prussian Confederation, allied with the Crown of the Kingdom of Poland, and the State of the Teutonic Order. Continue reading “1466 – The Thirteen Years’ War ends with the Second Treaty of Thorn”

1470 – Richard Neville forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands

2 October

Richard Neville, 16th Earl of Warwick (22 November 1428 – 14 April 1471), was an English nobleman, and one of the premier Yorkist leaders in the Wars of the Roses. The son of Richard Neville, 5th Earl of Salisbury, Warwick was the wealthiest and most powerful English peer of his age, and he was instrumental in the deposition of two kings, a fact which later earned him his epithet of “Kingmaker” to later generations. Continue reading “1470 – Richard Neville forces King Edward IV of England to flee to the Netherlands”

1459 – The Battle of Blore Heath

23 September – On this day

The Battle of Blore Heath was one of the first major battles in the English Wars of the Roses. It was fought on this day in 1459, at Blore Heath in Staffordshire, two miles east of the town of Market Drayton in Shropshire, England. Continue reading “1459 – The Battle of Blore Heath”

1462 – Battle of Świecino

17 September – On this day

The Battle of Świecino (named for the village of Świecino, near Żarnowiec Lake, northern Poland) also called the Battle of Żarnowiec or in German Battle of Schwetz, took place on this day in 1462 during the Thirteen Years’ War. Continue reading “1462 – Battle of Świecino”

1400 – Owain Glyndŵr claims title ‘Prince of Wales’

16 September – On this day

Owain Glyndŵr was a Welsh ruler and the last native Welshman to hold the title Prince of Wales, when followers declared him thus, on this day in 1400. He instigated a fierce and long-running but ultimately unsuccessful revolt against the English rule of Wales. Continue reading “1400 – Owain Glyndŵr claims title ‘Prince of Wales’”

1440 – Gillies de Rais arrested

15 September – On this day

Gilles de Montmorency-Laval (1405 – 1440), Baron de Rais, was a knight and lord from Brittany, Anjou and Poitou, a leader in the French army, and a companion-in-arms of Joan of Arc. He is best known for his reputation and later conviction as a confessed serial killer of children. Continue reading “1440 – Gillies de Rais arrested”

1435 – John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford died

14 September – On this day

John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford born 20 June 1389 died on this day in 1435. He was the third surviving son of King Henry IV of England by Mary de Bohun, brother to King Henry V, and acted as regent of France for his nephew, King Henry VI.

Continue reading “1435 – John of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Bedford died”

1475/6 – Birth of Cesare Borgia

13 September – On this day?

Cesare Borgia (13 September 1475 or April 1476 – 12 March 1507), Duke of Valentinois, was an Italian condottiero, nobleman, politician, and cardinal, whose fight for power was a major inspiration for The Prince by Machiavelli. Continue reading “1475/6 – Birth of Cesare Borgia”

1437 – Battle of Tangier

13 September – On this day

The Battle of Tangier, also known as the Siege of Tangiers, refers to the attempt by a Portuguese expeditionary force to seize the Moroccan citadel of Tangier, and their subsequent defeat by the armies of the Marinid sultanate of Morocco. Continue reading “1437 – Battle of Tangier”

1419 – Duke of Burgundy assassinated

10 September – On this day

John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy, was assassinated on the bridge at Montereau on this day in 1419 during a parley with the French dauphin (the future Charles VII of France), by Tanneguy du Chastel and Jean Louvet, the dauphin’s close counsellors.

Continue reading “1419 – Duke of Burgundy assassinated”

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