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14th century

1307 – According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off his son’s head

William Tell is a folk hero of Switzerland. His legend is recorded in a late 15th-century Swiss illustrated chronicle. It is set in the time of the original foundation of the Old Swiss Confederacy in the early 14th century. Continue reading “1307 – According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off his son’s head”

1399 – Henry of Bolingbroke is proclaimed King of England.

30 September – On this day

King Henry IV of England (15 April 1367 – 20 March 1413) ruled from 1399 to 1413 and asserted the claim of his grandfather, Edward III, to the Kingdom of France. He was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire, hence his other name, Henry of Bolingbroke. Continue reading “1399 – Henry of Bolingbroke is proclaimed King of England.”

1338 – The Battle of Arnemuiden

23 September – On this day

The Battle of Arnemuiden was a naval battle fought on this day in 1338 at the start of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France. It was the first naval battle of the Hundred Years’ War and the first recorded European naval battle using artillery, as the English ship Christopher had three cannons and one hand gun. Continue reading “1338 – The Battle of Arnemuiden”

1356 – The Battle of Poitiers

19 September – On this day

The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle of the Hundred Years’ War between England and France. The battle occurred on this day in 1356 near Poitiers, France. Preceded by the Battle of Crécy in 1346, and followed by the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, it was the second of the three great English victories of the war. Continue reading “1356 – The Battle of Poitiers”

1346 – The Battle of Crecy

26 August – On this day

An army led by Edward III of England engaged and defeated a much larger army led by
Philip VI of France. Continue reading “1346 – The Battle of Crecy”

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