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Vietnam

1967 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “Beyond Vietnam …” speech

4 April

Martin Luther King Jr. long opposed American involvement in the Vietnam War, but at first avoided the topic in public speeches in order to avoid the interference with civil rights goals that criticism of President Johnson’s policies might have created. However, at the urging of James Bevel, King eventually agreed to publicly oppose the war as opposition was growing among the American public. On this day in 1967, appearing at the New York City Riverside Church—exactly one year before his death—King delivered a speech titled “Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence”. Continue reading “1967 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “Beyond Vietnam …” speech”

1973 – Operation Barrel Roll ends

29 March

Operation Barrel Roll was a covert U.S. Air Force 2nd Air Division (later the Seventh Air Force) and U.S. Navy Task Force 77, interdiction and close air support campaign conducted in the Kingdom of Laos between 14 December 1964 and 29 March 1973 concurrent with the Vietnam War. Continue reading “1973 – Operation Barrel Roll ends”

1968 – Vietnam War: The My Lai Massacre

16 March

The Mỹ Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass killing of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on this day in 1968. It was committed by U.S. Army soldiers from the Company C of the 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the 23rd (Americal) Infantry Division. Victims included men, women, children, and infants. Some of the women were gang-raped and their bodies mutilated. Twenty-six soldiers were charged with criminal offences, but only Lieutenant William Calley Jr., a platoon leader in C Company, was convicted. Found guilty of killing 22 villagers, he was originally given a life sentence, but served only three and a half years under house arrest. Continue reading “1968 – Vietnam War: The My Lai Massacre”

1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish

14 March

The Johnson South Reef Skirmish of 1988 was a naval battle that took place between Chinese and Vietnamese forces over Johnson South Reef in the Spratly Islands on this day. Continue reading “1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish”

1975 – The Zapruder film is shown to a national TV audience

6 March

The Zapruder film is a silent, colour motion picture sequence shot by private citizen Abraham Zapruder with a home-movie camera, as U.S. President John F. Kennedy’s motorcade passed through Dealey Plaza in Dallas, Texas on 22 November, 1963, thereby unexpectedly capturing the President’s assassination.

On this day in 1975, the ABC late-night television show Good Night America (hosted by Geraldo Rivera), assassination researchers Robert Groden and Dick Gregory presented the first-ever network television showing of the Zapruder home movie. The public’s response and outrage to that television showing quickly led to the forming of the Hart-Schweiker investigation, contributed to the Church Committee Investigation on Intelligence Activities by the United States, and resulted in the House Select Committee on Assassinations investigation. Continue reading “1975 – The Zapruder film is shown to a national TV audience”

1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh begins

21 January

The Battle of Khe Sanh was conducted in Khe Sanh of northwestern Quảng Trị Province, Republic of Vietnam (South Vietnam), between 21 January and 9 July 1968 during the Vietnam War. Continue reading “1968 – Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh begins”

1950 – The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight

14 January

The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-17 is a high-subsonic fighter aircraft produced in the USSR from 1952 and operated by numerous air forces in many variants. It is an advanced development of the very similar appearing MiG-15 of the Korean War. Continue reading “1950 – The first prototype of the MiG-17 makes its maiden flight”

1951 – First Indochina War: The Battle of Vĩnh Yên

13 January

The Battle of Vĩnh Yên occurred from 13 to 17 January 1951, was a major engagement in the First Indochina War between the French and the Việt Minh. The French Union forces, led by World War II hero Jean de Lattre de Tassigny, inflicted a decisive defeat on the Việt Minh forces, which were commanded by Võ Nguyên Giáp. The victory marked a turn in the tide of the war, which was previously characterized by a number of Việt Minh victories.

1963 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac

2 January

The Battle of Ấp Bắc was a major battle fought on this day in 1963, during the Vietnam War. It was fought in Định Tường Province (now part of Tiền Giang Province), South Vietnam. Continue reading “1963 – Vietnam War: The Viet Cong wins its first major victory in the Battle of Ap Bac”

1969 – Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre: Journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story

12 November

The Mỹ Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass killing of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968. It was committed by U.S. Army soldiers from the Company C of the 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the 23rd (Americal) Infantry Division. Victims included men, women, children, and infants. Some of the women were gang-raped and their bodies mutilated. Twenty-six soldiers were charged with criminal offenses, but only Lieutenant William Calley Jr., a platoon leader in C Company, was convicted. Found guilty of killing 22 villagers, he was originally given a life sentence, but served only three and a half years under house arrest. Continue reading “1969 – Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre: Journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story”

1965 – Operation Piranha

7 September – On this day

In Vietnam, Operation Piranha was a US Marine Corps operation that took place on the Batangan Peninsula south-east of Chu Lai, lasting from 7 to 10 September 1965. Continue reading “1965 – Operation Piranha”

1970 – Operation Jefferson Glenn begins

5 September – On this day

Operation Jefferson Glenn was the last major operation in which U.S. ground forces participated in Vietnam. Continue reading “1970 – Operation Jefferson Glenn begins”

1967 – Vietnam

4 September – On this day

In South Vietnam the U.S. 1st Marine Division launches Operation SWIFT, a search and destroy operation in I Corps Tactical Zone (the region south of the Demilitarized Zone). Continue reading “1967 – Vietnam”

1945 – Vietnam declares independence

2 September – On this day

Hours after Japan’s surrender in World War II, Vietnamese leader Ho Chi Minh declares the independence of Vietnam from France which held Indochina including Vietnam as a colony. Continue reading “1945 – Vietnam declares independence”

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