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1906 – San Francisco earthquake

18 April

The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck at 5:12 a.m. on this day in 1906 with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). Continue reading “1906 – San Francisco earthquake”

1988 – Operation Praying Mantis

18 April

Operation Praying Mantis was an attack on this day in 1988, by U.S. forces within Iranian territorial waters in retaliation for the Iranian mining of the Persian Gulf during the Iran–Iraq war and the subsequent damage to an American warship. Continue reading “1988 – Operation Praying Mantis”

1961 – Bay of Pigs Invasion

17 April

The Bay of Pigs Invasion, was a failed military invasion of Cuba undertaken by the CIA-sponsored paramilitary group Brigade 2506 on this day in 1961. Continue reading “1961 – Bay of Pigs Invasion”

1964 – Ford Mustang is introduced to the North American market

17 April

The Ford Mustang is an American automobile manufactured by Ford Motor Company USA. Continue reading “1964 – Ford Mustang is introduced to the North American market”

1963 – Submarine USS Thresher lost at sea

April

USS Thresher (SSN-593) was the lead boat of her class of nuclear-powered attack submarines in the United States Navy. She was lost with all hands during deep-diving tests on 10 April 1963.

Continue reading “1963 – Submarine USS Thresher lost at sea”

1939 – Francis Ford Coppola, American director, producer, and screenwriter

7 April

Francis Ford Coppola (born on this day in 1939) is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. He was part of the New Hollywood wave of film making. Continue reading “1939 – Francis Ford Coppola, American director, producer, and screenwriter”

2001 – Mars Odyssey is launched

7 April

2001 Mars Odyssey is a robotic spacecraft orbiting the planet Mars. The project was developed by NASA, and contracted out to Lockheed Martin, with an expected cost for the entire mission of US$297 million. Its mission is to use spectrometers and a thermal imager to detect evidence of past or present water and ice, as well as study the planet’s geology and radiation environment. Continue reading “2001 – Mars Odyssey is launched”

1954 – President Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech

7 April

The domino theory was a theory prominent from the 1950s to the 1980s, that speculated that if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect. Continue reading “1954 – President Eisenhower gives his “domino theory” speech”

1936 – Tupelo–Gainesville tornado outbreak

5-6 April

The 1936 Tupelo–Gainesville tornado outbreak was an outbreak of at least 12 tornadoes that struck the Southeastern United States from April 5–6, 1936. Continue reading “1936 – Tupelo–Gainesville tornado outbreak”

1862 – The Battle of Shiloh begins

6 April

The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought 6-7 April 1862, in south western Tennessee. Continue reading “1862 – The Battle of Shiloh begins”

1968 – NASA launches Apollo 6

4 April

Apollo 6, launched on this day in 1968, was the second A type mission of the United States Apollo program, an unmanned test of the Saturn V launch vehicle. It was also the final unmanned Apollo test mission. Continue reading “1968 – NASA launches Apollo 6”

1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. assassination

4 April

Martin Luther King, Jr. (15 January 1929 – 4 April 1968) was assassinated on this day in 1968, he was an American Baptist minister, activist, humanitarian, and leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement. He is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs. Continue reading “1968 – Martin Luther King Jr. assassination”

1968 – James Earl Ray assassinates Martin Luther King Jr.

4 April

James Earl Ray (10 March 1928 – 23 April 1998) was an American convicted of the assassination of civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. Ray was convicted on his 41st birthday after entering a guilty plea to forgo a jury trial. Had he been found guilty by jury trial, he would have been eligible for the death penalty. He was sentenced to 99 years in prison. He later recanted his confession and tried unsuccessfully to gain access to a retrial. In 1998, Ray died in prison of complications due to chronic hepatitis C infection. Continue reading “1968 – James Earl Ray assassinates Martin Luther King Jr.”

1967 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “Beyond Vietnam …” speech

4 April

Martin Luther King Jr. long opposed American involvement in the Vietnam War, but at first avoided the topic in public speeches in order to avoid the interference with civil rights goals that criticism of President Johnson’s policies might have created. However, at the urging of James Bevel, King eventually agreed to publicly oppose the war as opposition was growing among the American public. On this day in 1967, appearing at the New York City Riverside Church—exactly one year before his death—King delivered a speech titled “Beyond Vietnam: A Time to Break Silence”. Continue reading “1967 – Martin Luther King Jr. delivers his “Beyond Vietnam …” speech”

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