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Sth Africa

1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke’s Drift

22 January

The Battle of Rorke’s Drift was a battle in the Anglo-Zulu War. The defence of the mission station of Rorke’s Drift, under the command of Lieutenant John Chard of the Royal Engineers, and Lieutenant Gonville Bromhead immediately followed the British Army’s defeat at the Battle of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879, and continued into the following day, 23 January. Continue reading “1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke’s Drift”

1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana

22 January

The Battle of Isandlwana on this day in 1879 was the first major encounter in the Anglo–Zulu War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Eleven days after the British commenced their invasion of Zululand in South Africa, a Zulu force of some 20,000 warriors attacked a portion of the British main column consisting of about 1,800 British, colonial and native troops and perhaps 400 civilians. Continue reading “1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana”

1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins

11 January

The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Following Lord Carnarvon’s successful introduction of federation in Canada, it was thought that similar political effort, coupled with military campaigns, might succeed with the African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa. Continue reading “1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins”

1899 – Second Boer War: The Battle of Magersfontein

11 December

The Battle of Magersfontein was fought on this day in 1899, at Magersfontein near Kimberley on the borders of the Cape Colony and the independent republic of the Orange Free State. British forces under Lieutenant General Lord Methuen were advancing north along the railway line from the Cape in order to relieve the Siege of Kimberley, but their path was blocked at Magersfontein by a Boer force that was entrenched in the surrounding hills. The British had already fought a series of battles with the Boers, most recently at Modder River, where the advance was temporarily halted. Continue reading “1899 – Second Boer War: The Battle of Magersfontein”

1899 – The Boers begin their 118-day siege of British-held Ladysmith

2 November

During the Second Boer War British commander Lieutenant General Sir George White made Ladysmith his centre of operations for the protection of Natal against the Boer forces. Continue reading “1899 – The Boers begin their 118-day siege of British-held Ladysmith”

1899 – The Second Boer War begins

11 October – On this day

The Second Boer War otherwise known as the Second Anglo-Boer War, was fought from 11 October 1899 until 31 May 1902 between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the South African Republic (Transvaal Republic) and the Orange Free State. Continue reading “1899 – The Second Boer War begins”

1939 – South Africa declares war on Germany

6 September – On this day

South Africa declares war upon Nazi Germany, becoming the first dominion to do so independently of the United Kingdom. Continue reading “1939 – South Africa declares war on Germany”

1879 – Zulu king captured

28 August – On this day

South Africa

The last great ruler of Zululand, King Cetshwayo kaMpande is captured by the British on this day in 1879. Continue reading “1879 – Zulu king captured”

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