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1918 – The first case of Spanish flu occurs

11 March

The 1918 flu pandemic (January 1918 – December 1920) was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus. It infected 500 million people across the world, including remote Pacific islands and the Arctic, and resulted in the deaths of 50 to 100 million (three to five percent of the world’s population), making it one of the deadliest natural disasters in human history. Continue reading “1918 – The first case of Spanish flu occurs”

1909 – Ernest Shackleton’s expedition finds the magnetic South Pole

16 January

Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton (15 February 1874 – 5 January 1922) was a polar explorer who led three British expeditions to the Antarctic, and one of the principal figures of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. Continue reading “1909 – Ernest Shackleton’s expedition finds the magnetic South Pole”

Titan (the moon)

Titan (or Saturn VI) is the largest moon of Saturn. It is the only natural satellite known to have a dense atmosphere, and the only object other than Earth where clear evidence of stable bodies of surface liquid has been found. Continue reading “Titan (the moon)”

1870 – Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins

3 January

The Brooklyn Bridge is a hybrid cable-stayed/suspension bridge in New York City and is one of the oldest bridges of either type in the United States. Continue reading “1870 – Construction of the Brooklyn Bridge begins”

Richard III gets a makeover

An updated version of the reconstructed head of King Richard III has been unveiled. Continue reading “Richard III gets a makeover”

1966 – Saturn’s moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker

18 December

Epimetheus is an inner satellite of Saturn. It is also known as Saturn XI. It is named after the mythological Epimetheus, brother of Prometheus. Continue reading “1966 – Saturn’s moon Epimetheus is discovered by Richard L. Walker”

1707 – Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan

16 December

Mount Fuji, located on Honshu Island, is the highest mountain in Japan at 3,776.24 m (12,389 ft). An active stratovolcano that last erupted in 1707–08, Mount Fuji lies about 100 kilometres (60 mi) south-west of Tokyo, and can be seen from there on a clear day. Continue reading “1707 – Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan”

1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified

9 December

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The disease was originally known in English as the “pox” or “red plague“; the term “smallpox” was first used in Britain in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the “great pox” (syphilis). The last naturally occurring case of smallpox (Variola minor) was diagnosed on 26 October 1977. Continue reading “1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified”

1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States

30 November

The Sylacauga meteorite fell on this day in 1954, at 14:46 local time in Oak Grove, Alabama, near Sylacauga. It is commonly called the Hodges meteorite because a fragment of it struck Ann Elizabeth Hodges (1920–1972). Continue reading “1954 – In Sylacauga, Alabama, United States”

2001 – the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet

27 November

HD 209458 b (unofficially named Osiris) is an extrasolar planet that orbits the solar analogue HD 209458 in the constellation Pegasus, some 150 light-years from the Solar System. Continue reading “2001 – the first atmosphere detected on an extrasolar planet”

1959 – First man-made object reaches the moon

14 September – On this day

The Soviet union win the race to the moon by crashing the first man-made object into the moon. Continue reading “1959 – First man-made object reaches the moon”

2008 – Large Hadron Collider is powered up

10 September – On this day

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world’s largest and most powerful particle collider, the largest, most complex experimental facility ever built, and the largest single machine in the world. The LHC first went live on 10 September 2008, but initial testing was delayed for 14 months from 19 September 2008 to 20 November 2009, following a magnet quench incident that caused extensive damage to over 50 superconducting magnets, their mountings, and the vacuum pipe. Continue reading “2008 – Large Hadron Collider is powered up”

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