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History Bytez

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Planning

1972 – The leap second

30 June

The first leap second is added to the UTC time system on this day in 1972. Continue reading “1972 – The leap second”

1934 – The Night of the Long Knives

30 June

Adolf Hitler’s violent purge of his political rivals in Germany, begins on this day in 1934. Continue reading “1934 – The Night of the Long Knives”

1941 – World War II – Operation Barbarossa

22 June

Operation Barbarossa was the code name for Nazi Germany’s World War II invasion of the Soviet Union, which began on this day in 1941. The operation was driven by Adolf Hitler’s ideological desire to conquer Soviet territory, even though he was still fighting the British Commonwealth in the west.

Continue reading “1941 – World War II – Operation Barbarossa”

1944 – World War II Operation Overlord

6 June

The Battle of Normandy begins when Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history. Continue reading “1944 – World War II Operation Overlord”

1968 – NASA launches Apollo 6

4 April

Apollo 6, launched on this day in 1968, was the second A type mission of the United States Apollo program, an unmanned test of the Saturn V launch vehicle. It was also the final unmanned Apollo test mission. Continue reading “1968 – NASA launches Apollo 6”

1833 – Samuel Mudd, American physician is born (d. 1883)

20 December

Samuel Alexander Mudd (20 December, 1833 – 10 January, 1883) was an American physician who was imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. Continue reading “1833 – Samuel Mudd, American physician is born (d. 1883)”

1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified

9 December

Smallpox was an infectious disease caused by either of two virus variants, Variola major and Variola minor. The disease was originally known in English as the “pox” or “red plague“; the term “smallpox” was first used in Britain in the 15th century to distinguish variola from the “great pox” (syphilis). The last naturally occurring case of smallpox (Variola minor) was diagnosed on 26 October 1977. Continue reading “1979 – The eradication of the smallpox virus is certified”

WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Germany, planning

17 September – On this day

General Paulus, the Deputy Chief of the Army General Staff, presents a further plan for the attack on the Soviet Union. Continue reading “WWII – The 75th Anniversary – Germany, planning”

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