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Pacific

1942 – The first flight of the Hellcat

26 June

The Grumman F6F Hellcat was an American carrier-based fighter aircraft designed to replace the earlier F4F Wildcat in United States Navy (USN) service.

Continue reading “1942 – The first flight of the Hellcat”

1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”

19-20 June

The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive U.S. naval victory over the forces of the Empire of Japan. The lopsided naval air battle is also known as the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”.

Continue reading “1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot””

1991 – Mount Pinatubo eruption

15 June

Mount Pinatubo, in the Philippines, explodes in the second largest volcanic eruption of the 20th Century.

Continue reading “1991 – Mount Pinatubo eruption”

1906 – San Francisco earthquake

18 April

The 1906 San Francisco earthquake struck at 5:12 a.m. on this day in 1906 with an estimated moment magnitude of 7.8 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of XI (Extreme). Continue reading “1906 – San Francisco earthquake”

1945 – The Battle of Slater’s Knoll

28 March – 6 April

The Battle of Slater’s Knoll (28 March – 6 April 1945) was a battle during the Second World War fought between Australian and Japanese forces on Bougainville Island. Continue reading “1945 – The Battle of Slater’s Knoll”

1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand

19 March

The First Taranaki War was an armed conflict over land ownership and sovereignty that took place between Māori and the New Zealand Government in the Taranaki district of New Zealand’s North Island from March 1860 to March 1861. Continue reading “1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand”

1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish

14 March

The Johnson South Reef Skirmish of 1988 was a naval battle that took place between Chinese and Vietnamese forces over Johnson South Reef in the Spratly Islands on this day. Continue reading “1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish”

1916 – USS Nevada (BB-36) is commissioned into the US Navy

11 March

USS Nevada (BB-36), the second United States Navy ship to be named after the 36th state, was the lead ship of the two Nevada-class battleships; her sister ship was Oklahoma. Launched in 1914, the Nevada was a leap forward in dreadnought technology; four of her new features would be included on almost every subsequent US battleship: triple gun turrets, oil in place of coal for fuel, geared steam turbines for greater range, and the “all or nothing” armour principle. These features made Nevada the first US Navy “super-dreadnought”. Continue reading “1916 – USS Nevada (BB-36) is commissioned into the US Navy”

1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea

2 March

The Battle of the Bismarck Sea (2–4 March 1943) took place in the South West Pacific Area (SWPA) during World War II when aircraft of the U.S. Fifth Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) attacked a Japanese convoy carrying troops to Lae, New Guinea. Most of the task force was destroyed, and Japanese troop losses were heavy. Continue reading “1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea”

1864 – The Tauranga Campaign begins during the New Zealand Wars

21 January

The Tauranga Campaign was a six-month-long armed conflict in New Zealand’s Bay of Plenty in early 1864. Continue reading “1864 – The Tauranga Campaign begins during the New Zealand Wars”

1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down

3 January

Gregory “Pappy” Boyington (4 December, 1912 – 11 January, 1988) was an American combat pilot who was a United States Marine Corps fighter ace during World War II. He received both the Medal of Honor and the Navy Cross. Continue reading “1944 – World War II: Top Ace Major Greg “Pappy” Boyington is shot down”

1974 – Cyclone Tracy devastates Darwin, Australia

24 December

Cyclone Tracy was a tropical cyclone that devastated the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, from Christmas Eve to Christmas Day, 1974. Continue reading “1974 – Cyclone Tracy devastates Darwin, Australia”

1913 – Haruna, the fourth and last Kongō-class ship, launches

14 December

Haruna named after Mount Haruna, was a warship of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War I and World War II. Designed by the British naval engineer George Thurston, she was the fourth and last battlecruiser of the Kongō class, amongst the most heavily armed ships in any navy when built. Continue reading “1913 – Haruna, the fourth and last Kongō-class ship, launches”

1642 – Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand

13 December

Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 – 10 October 1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer, and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands. Continue reading “1642 – Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand”

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