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Normandy

1944 – World War II Operation Overlord

6 June

The Battle of Normandy begins when Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history. Continue reading “1944 – World War II Operation Overlord”

1450 – Battle of Formigny

15 April

The Battle of Formigny occurred on this day in 1450 near the end of the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between the crowns of England and France.

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845 – Paris is sacked by Viking raiders

29 March

The Siege of Paris and the Sack of Paris of 845 was the culmination of a Viking invasion of the kingdom of the West Franks. The Viking forces were led by a Norse chieftain named “Reginherus”, or Ragnar, who traditionally has been identified with the legendary saga character Ragnar Lodbrok. Ragnar’s fleet of 120 Viking ships, carrying thousands of men, entered the Seine in March and proceeded sailing up the river. The West Frankish king Charles the Bald assembled a smaller army in response, but as the Vikings defeated one division, comprising half of the army, the remaining forces retreated. The Vikings reached Paris at the end of the month, during Easter. After plundering and occupying the city, the Vikings finally withdrew after receiving a ransom payment of 7,000 French livres (2,570 kilograms or 5,670 pounds) of silver and gold from Charles the Bald. Continue reading “845 – Paris is sacked by Viking raiders”

1120 – The ‘White Ship’ sinks in the English Channel

25 November

The White Ship was a vessel that sank in the English Channel near the Normandy coast off Barfleur, on this day in 1120. Continue reading “1120 – The ‘White Ship’ sinks in the English Channel”

1106 – The Battle of Tinchebray

28 September – On this day

The Battle of Tinchebray was fought on this day in 1106, in the town of Tinchebray, Normandy, between an invading force led by King Henry I of England, and his older brother Robert Curthose, the Duke of Normandy. Continue reading “1106 – The Battle of Tinchebray”

1087 – William Rufus becomes King of England

9 September – On this day

William II (c. 1056 – 2 August 1100), the third son of William I of England, was King of England from 1087 until 1100. He initially did not hold Normandy as this was passed to his elder brother Robert, but William eventually wrested control nominal control from him in 1091. William earned the nickname Rufus either because of his red hair or his propensity for anger. Continue reading “1087 – William Rufus becomes King of England”

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