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Naval Battle

WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea

On This Day – 7th/8th May 1942

The Battle of the Coral Sea is fought to stop the Japanese-planned capture of Port Moresby. It is a confused engagement and is the first major naval battle fought without visual contact being made between the surface forces of the opposing fleets. Continue reading “WWII – Battle of the Coral Sea”

1942 – The first flight of the Hellcat

26 June

The Grumman F6F Hellcat was an American carrier-based fighter aircraft designed to replace the earlier F4F Wildcat in United States Navy (USN) service.

Continue reading “1942 – The first flight of the Hellcat”

1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”

19-20 June

The Battle of the Philippine Sea concludes with a decisive U.S. naval victory over the forces of the Empire of Japan. The lopsided naval air battle is also known as the “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”.

Continue reading “1944 – World War II: The “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot””

1916 -World War One the Battle of Jutland

31 May

The British Grand Fleet under the command of Admiral John Jellicoe, and Vice-Admiral David Beatty, engage the Imperial German Navy under the command of Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer and Vice-Admiral Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive.

Continue reading “1916 -World War One the Battle of Jutland”

1941 – Bismarck is sunk

27 May

Three days after sinking the British Battlecruiser Hood, the German Battleship Bismarck is pounded to a wreck by the British Battleships King George V and Rodney, forcing the crew of Bismarck to scuttle their ship.

Continue reading “1941 – Bismarck is sunk”

1941 – Battle of the Denmark Strait

24 May

A Second World War naval battle between the British battleship HMS Prince of Wales and the battlecruiser HMS Hood and the German battleship Bismarck and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, both of which were attempting to break out into the North Atlantic to attack Allied merchant shipping.

Continue reading “1941 – Battle of the Denmark Strait”

1988 – Operation Praying Mantis

18 April

Operation Praying Mantis was an attack on this day in 1988, by U.S. forces within Iranian territorial waters in retaliation for the Iranian mining of the Persian Gulf during the Iran–Iraq war and the subsequent damage to an American warship. Continue reading “1988 – Operation Praying Mantis”

1453 – Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople

6 April

Mehmed II or Mohammed II (30 March 1432 – 3 May 1481), best known as Mehmed the Conqueror,  was an Ottoman sultan who ruled first for a short time from August 1444 to September 1446, and later from February 1451 to May 1481. At the age of 21, he conquered Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul) and brought an end to the Eastern Roman Empire. Mehmed continued his conquests in Anatolia with its reunification and in Southeast Europe as far west as Bosnia. Mehmed is considered a hero in modern-day Turkey and parts of the wider Muslim world. Among other things, Istanbul’s Fatih district, Fatih Sultan Mehmet Bridge and Fatih Mosque are named after him.

Continue reading “1453 – Mehmed II begins his siege of Constantinople”

1856 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War

30 March

The Crimean War was a military conflict fought between October 1853 – February 1856 in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia. Continue reading “1856 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War”

1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish

14 March

The Johnson South Reef Skirmish of 1988 was a naval battle that took place between Chinese and Vietnamese forces over Johnson South Reef in the Spratly Islands on this day. Continue reading “1988 – Johnson South Reef Skirmish”

1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea

2 March

The Battle of the Bismarck Sea (2–4 March 1943) took place in the South West Pacific Area (SWPA) during World War II when aircraft of the U.S. Fifth Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) attacked a Japanese convoy carrying troops to Lae, New Guinea. Most of the task force was destroyed, and Japanese troop losses were heavy. Continue reading “1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea”

1942 – The Battle of Sunda Strait

28 February

The Battle of Sunda Strait was a naval battle which occurred during World War II in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra. Continue reading “1942 – The Battle of Sunda Strait”

1806 – Battle of San Domingo

6 February

The Battle of San Domingo was a naval battle of the Napoleonic Wars fought on this day in 1806 between squadrons of French and British ships of the line off the southern coast of the French-occupied Spanish colonial Captaincy General of Santo Domingo (San Domingo in contemporary British English) in the Caribbean Sea. The French squadron, under Vice-Admiral Corentin Urbain Leissègues in the 120-gun Impérial, had sailed from Brest in December 1805, one of two squadrons intending to raid British trade routes as part of the Atlantic campaign of 1806. Continue reading “1806 – Battle of San Domingo”

1915 – World War One: the Battle of Dogger Bank

24 January

The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle fought near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea on this day in 1915, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet. Continue reading “1915 – World War One: the Battle of Dogger Bank”

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