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Native Americans

1885 – Battle of Cut Knife

2 May

Cree and Assiniboine warriors win the Battle of Cut Knife, their largest victory over Canadian forces during the North-West Rebellion.

Continue reading “1885 – Battle of Cut Knife”

1715 – The Yamasee War begins

14 April

The Yamasee War (1715–1717) was a conflict between British settlers of South Carolina and various Native American tribes, including the Yamasee and others. Some of the Native American Indian groups played a minor role while others launched attacks throughout South Carolina in an attempt to destroy the colony. Continue reading “1715 – The Yamasee War begins”

1841 – William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia

4 April

William Henry Harrison (9 February 1773 – 4 April 1841) was the ninth President of the United States (1841), an American military officer and politician, and the last President born as a British subject. He was also the first president to die in office. Continue reading “1841 – William Henry Harrison dies of pneumonia”

1622 – Jamestown massacre

22 March

The Indian Massacre of 1622 took place in the English Colony of Virginia, in what now the United States, on this day in 1622. Continue reading “1622 – Jamestown massacre”

1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre

8 March

The Gnadenhutten massacre, was the killing of 96 Christian Lenape (Delaware) by colonial American militia from Pennsylvania on this day in 1782 at the Moravian missionary village of Gnadenhutten, Ohio during the American Revolutionary War. Continue reading “1782 – Gnadenhutten massacre”

1704 – Queen Anne’s War: Raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts

29 February

The 1704 Raid on Deerfield (or the Deerfield Massacre) occurred during Queen Anne’s War on this day, when French and Native American forces under the command of Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville attacked the English frontier settlement at Deerfield, Massachusetts, just before dawn, burning part of the town, killing 47 villagers, and taking 112 settlers captive to Canada, of whom 60 were later redeemed. Continue reading “1704 – Queen Anne’s War: Raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts”

1918 – Battle of Bear Valley: The last battle of the American Indian Wars

9 January

The Battle of Bear Valley was a small engagement fought in 1918 between a band of Yaquis and a detachment of United States Army soldiers. Continue reading “1918 – Battle of Bear Valley: The last battle of the American Indian Wars”

1890 – Hunkpapa Lakota leader Sitting Bull is killed

15 December

Sitting Bull (c. 1831 – December 15, 1890) was a Hunkpapa Lakota holy man who led his people as a tribal chief during years of resistance to United States government policies. He was killed by Indian agency police on the Standing Rock Indian Reservation during an attempt to arrest him, at a time when authorities feared that he would join the Ghost Dance movement. Continue reading “1890 – Hunkpapa Lakota leader Sitting Bull is killed”

1917 – Halifax Explosion: the largest artificial explosion up to that time

6 December

The Halifax Explosion was a maritime disaster in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada, on this day in 1917. SS Mont-Blanc, a French cargo ship laden with high explosives, collided with the Norwegian vessel SS Imo in the Narrows, a strait connecting the upper Halifax Harbour to Bedford Basin. A fire on board the French ship ignited her cargo, causing a large explosion that devastated the Richmond district of Halifax. Approximately 2,000 people were killed by debris, fires and collapsed buildings, and an estimated 9,000 others were injured. Continue reading “1917 – Halifax Explosion: the largest artificial explosion up to that time”

1848 – Native American genocide

A major genocide was conducted on Native Americans who resided in the Great Basin (California), a watershed which had supported the tribes for more than 14,000 years. Continue reading “1848 – Native American genocide”

1864 – American Indian Wars: Sand Creek massacre

29 November

The Sand Creek massacre was an atrocity in the American Indian Wars that occurred on November 29, 1864, when a 700-man force of Colorado Territory militia attacked and destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho in southeastern Colorado Territory, killing and mutilating an estimated 70–163 Native Americans, about two-thirds of whom were women and children. The location has been designated the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site and is administered by the National Park Service.

1847 – Whitman massacre

29 November

The Whitman massacre was the murder of Oregon missionaries Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa, along with eleven others, on this day in 1847. They were killed by a party of Cayuse Native Americans who accused him of having poisoned 200 Cayuse in his medical care. The incident began the Cayuse War. Continue reading “1847 – Whitman massacre”

1811 – Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe

7 November

The Battle of Tippecanoe was fought on this day in, 1811, near present-day Lafayette, Indiana between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Native American warriors associated with the Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Continue reading “1811 – Tecumseh’s War: The Battle of Tippecanoe”

1791 – American Indians win a major victory over the United States in the Battle of the Wabash

4 November

Battle of the Wabash also known as the St. Clair’s Defeat, was fought on this day in 1791 in the Northwest Territory between the United States and the Western Confederacy of American Indians, as part of the Northwest Indian War. It was one of the worst defeats, in percentage of casualties, suffered by the United States Army. It was also the largest victory ever won by American Indians. Continue reading “1791 – American Indians win a major victory over the United States in the Battle of the Wabash”

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