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History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History

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Middle East

AD 634 – Siege of Damascus

19 September

After a siege lasting almost a month the Rashidun Arabs under Khalid ibn al-Walid capture Damascus from the Byzantine Empire (Eastern Roman Empire). Continue reading “AD 634 – Siege of Damascus”

718 – Raising of the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople

15 August

The Second Arab siege of Constantinople (717–718) was finally raised after a year of conflict. Continue reading “718 – Raising of the Second Arab Siege of Constantinople”

636 – The Battle of Yarmouk

15 August

The Battle of Yarmouk was a major battle between the army of the Eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine Empire) and the Muslim Arab forces of the Rashidun Caliphate.

Continue reading “636 – The Battle of Yarmouk”

1187 – The Battle of Hattin

4 July

During the Crusades, Saladin defeats Guy of Lusignan, King of Jerusalem at the Battle of Hattin on this day in 1187. Continue reading “1187 – The Battle of Hattin”

1279-1213 BC Ramesses the Great

Ramesses II, (born c. 1303 BC; died July or August 1213 BC; reigned 1279–1213 BC), was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. Continue reading “1279-1213 BC Ramesses the Great”

1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt

24 May

The Fifth Crusade (1213–1221) was an attempt by Western Europeans to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.

Continue reading “1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt”

1805 – Muhammad Ali becomes Wāli of Egypt

17 May

Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas’ud ibn Agha , born 4 March 1769, was an Ottoman Albanian who rose to rule Egypt and Sudan. Continue reading “1805 – Muhammad Ali becomes Wāli of Egypt”

1916 – ANZAC Day

25 April

ANZAC Day is commemorated for the first time on the first anniversary of the landing at ANZAC Cove. Continue reading “1916 – ANZAC Day”

1915 – The Armenian Genocide begins

24 April

The Armenian Genocide was the Ottoman government’s systematic extermination of its minority Armenian subjects inside their historic homeland, which lies within the present-day Republic of Turkey. Continue reading “1915 – The Armenian Genocide begins”

1479 BC – Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt

24 April

Thutmose III (meaning “Thoth is born”) was the sixth Pharaoh of the Eighteenth Dynasty. Continue reading “1479 BC – Thutmose III ascends to the throne of Egypt”

531 – Battle of Callinicum

19 April

The Battle of Callinicum took place on this day in 531 AD, between the armies of the Byzantine Empire under Belisarius and the Sassanid Persians under Āzārethes. Continue reading “531 – Battle of Callinicum”

627 – Battle of the Trench

31 March

The Battle of the Trench was a 27 – day long siege of Yathrib (now Medina) by Arab and Jewish tribes. The strength of the confederate armies is estimated around 10,000 men with six hundred horses and some camels, while the Medinan defenders numbered 3,000. The battle coincided with harsh winter weather of January/February 627. Continue reading “627 – Battle of the Trench”

1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza

26 March

The First Battle of Gaza was fought on this day in 1917 during the first attempt by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) to invade the south of Palestine in the Ottoman Empire during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War. Fighting took place in and around the town of Gaza on the Mediterranean coast when infantry and mounted infantry from the Desert Column, a component of the Eastern Force, attacked the town. Late in the afternoon, on the verge of capturing Gaza, the Desert Column was withdrawn due to concerns about the approaching darkness and large Ottoman reinforcements. This British defeat was followed a few weeks later by the even more emphatic defeat of the Eastern Force at the Second Battle of Gaza in April 1917. Continue reading “1917 – World War I: First Battle of Gaza”

1968 – Battle of Karameh in Jordan

21 March

The Battle of Karameh was a 15-hour military engagement between the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) and combined forces of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) and the Jordanian Armed Forces (JAF) in the Jordanian town of Karameh on this day in 1968, during the War of Attrition. It was planned by Israel as two concurrent raids on PLO camps, one in Karameh and one in the distant village of Safi—codenamed Operation Inferno and Operation Asuta, respectively—but the former turned into a full-scale battle. Continue reading “1968 – Battle of Karameh in Jordan”

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