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Massacre

1948 – Malayan Emergency: Batang Kali massacre

12 December

The Batang Kali massacre was the killing of 24 unarmed villagers by British troops on this day in 1948 during the Malayan Emergency. The incident occurred during counter-insurgency operations against Malay and Chinese communists in Malaya – then a colony of the British Crown. It was described as “Britain’s My Lai” in Christopher Hale’s Massacre in Malaya: exposing Britain’s My Lai. Despite several investigations by the British government since the 1950s, and a re-examination of the evidence by the Royal Malaysia Police between 1993 and 1997, no charges were brought against any of the alleged perpetrators.

395 – ‘Later Yan’ is defeated by its former vassal ‘Northern Wei’ at the Battle of Canhe Slope

8 December

Battle of Canhe Slope refers to a battle in 395 where the Chinese/Xianbei state Later Yan, then ruling over northern and central China, had launched a punitive campaign against its former vassal Northern Wei, also of Xianbei extraction. Continue reading “395 – ‘Later Yan’ is defeated by its former vassal ‘Northern Wei’ at the Battle of Canhe Slope”

1848 – Native American genocide

A major genocide was conducted on Native Americans who resided in the Great Basin (California), a watershed which had supported the tribes for more than 14,000 years. Continue reading “1848 – Native American genocide”

1984 – The Bhopal disaster

3 December

The Bhopal disaster, was a gas leak incident in India, considered the world’s worst industrial disaster. It occurred on the night of 2–3 December 1984 at the Union Carbide India Limited (UCIL) pesticide plant in Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh. Over 500,000 people were exposed to methyl isocyanate (MIC) gas and other chemicals. The toxic substance made its way into and around the shanty towns located near the plant. Continue reading “1984 – The Bhopal disaster”

1864 – American Indian Wars: Sand Creek massacre

29 November

The Sand Creek massacre was an atrocity in the American Indian Wars that occurred on November 29, 1864, when a 700-man force of Colorado Territory militia attacked and destroyed a peaceful village of Cheyenne and Arapaho in southeastern Colorado Territory, killing and mutilating an estimated 70–163 Native Americans, about two-thirds of whom were women and children. The location has been designated the Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site and is administered by the National Park Service.

1847 – Whitman massacre

29 November

The Whitman massacre was the murder of Oregon missionaries Marcus Whitman and his wife Narcissa, along with eleven others, on this day in 1847. They were killed by a party of Cayuse Native Americans who accused him of having poisoned 200 Cayuse in his medical care. The incident began the Cayuse War. Continue reading “1847 – Whitman massacre”

1969 – Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre: Journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story

12 November

The Mỹ Lai Massacre was the Vietnam War mass killing of between 347 and 504 unarmed civilians in South Vietnam on March 16, 1968. It was committed by U.S. Army soldiers from the Company C of the 1st Battalion, 20th Infantry Regiment, 11th Brigade of the 23rd (Americal) Infantry Division. Victims included men, women, children, and infants. Some of the women were gang-raped and their bodies mutilated. Twenty-six soldiers were charged with criminal offenses, but only Lieutenant William Calley Jr., a platoon leader in C Company, was convicted. Found guilty of killing 22 villagers, he was originally given a life sentence, but served only three and a half years under house arrest. Continue reading “1969 – Vietnam War: My Lai Massacre: Journalist Seymour Hersh breaks the My Lai story”

1961 – Thirteen Italian UN peacekeepers are massacred during the Kindu atrocity in Congo

11 November

The Kindu massacre, took place on this day in 1961 in Kindu Port-Émpain, in the Belgian Congo where thirteen Italian airmen, members of the United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC), were murdered. Continue reading “1961 – Thirteen Italian UN peacekeepers are massacred during the Kindu atrocity in Congo”

1982 – The Sabra and Shatila massacre begins

16 September – On this day

The Sabra and Shatila massacre was the killing of between 762 and 3,500 civilians, mostly Palestinians and Lebanese Shiites, in the Sabra neighborhood and the adjacent Shatila refugee camp in Beirut,Lebanon. Continue reading “1982 – The Sabra and Shatila massacre begins”

1857 – The Mountain Meadows massacre

11 September – On this day

The Mountain Meadows massacre was a series of attacks on the Baker–Fancher emigrant wagon train at Mountain Meadows in southern Utah. The attacks culminated on this day in 1857, with the mass slaughter of most in the emigrant party by members of the Utah Territorial Militia from the Iron County district, together with some Paiute Native Americans. Continue reading “1857 – The Mountain Meadows massacre”

1897 – Lattimer Massacre

10 September – On this day

The Lattimer massacre was the violent deaths of 19 unarmed striking immigrant coal miners at the Lattimer mine near Hazleton, Pennsylvania, on this day in 1897. The miners, mostly of Polish, Slovak, Lithuanian and German ethnicity, were shot and killed by a Luzerne County sheriff’s posse. Scores more workers were wounded. The massacre was a turning point in the history of the United Mine Workers (UMW).

Continue reading “1897 – Lattimer Massacre”

1972 – Munich Massacre

5/6 September – Munich, West Germany

The Munich massacre was an attack during the 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, on eleven Israeli Olympic team members, who were taken hostage and eventually killed, along with a German police officer, by the Palestinian group Black September. Continue reading “1972 – Munich Massacre”

1572 – Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre

23-24 August – Paris, France

One of the worst of the 16th century’s religious massacres began on the eve of the feast of Bartholomew the Apostle. Continue reading “1572 – Saint Bartholomew’s Day Massacre”

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