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Italians

1809 – The Battle of Wagram concludes

6 July

After holding Napoleon on the first day of the battle, Archduke Charles goes over to the offensive. Continue reading “1809 – The Battle of Wagram concludes”

1809 – The Battle of Wagram commences

5 July

The Battle of Wagram commences on this day in 1809, considered the largest battle of the Napoleonic Wars. Continue reading “1809 – The Battle of Wagram commences”

1498 – Girolamo Savonarola dies

23 May

An Italian Dominican friar, preacher and de facto ruler of Florence, Girolamo Savonarola is burned at the stake in Florence on this day in 1498.

Continue reading “1498 – Girolamo Savonarola dies”

1856 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War

30 March

The Crimean War was a military conflict fought between October 1853 – February 1856 in which Russia lost to an alliance of France, the United Kingdom, the Ottoman Empire, and Sardinia. Continue reading “1856 – The Treaty of Paris is signed, ending the Crimean War”

1387 – Battle of Castagnaro

11 March

The Battle of Castagnaro was fought on this day in 1387 at Castagnaro (today’s Veneto, northern Italy) between Verona and Padua. It is one of the most famous battles of the Italian condottieri* age. Continue reading “1387 – Battle of Castagnaro”

1152 – Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of Germany

4 March

Frederick I (1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa, was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on this day in 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152. He became King of Italy in 1155 and was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155. Two years later, the term sacrum (“holy”) first appeared in a document in connection with his Empire. He was later formally crowned King of Burgundy, at Arles on 30 June 1178. He got the name Barbarossa from the northern Italian cities he attempted to rule: Barbarossa means “red beard” in Italian; in German, he was known as Kaiser Rotbart, which has the same meaning. Continue reading “1152 – Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of Germany”

43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated

7 December

Marcus Tullius Cicero (3 Jan 106 BC – 7 Dec 43 BC) was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist. He came from a wealthy municipal family of the Roman equestrian order, and is widely considered one of Rome’s greatest orators and prose stylists. Continue reading “43 BC – Marcus Tullius Cicero is assassinated”

WWII – The 75th Anniversary – North Africa

18 September – On this day

The advance of the Italian Tenth Army comes to a halt, officially because of supply difficulties. Continue reading “WWII – The 75th Anniversary – North Africa”

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