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1944 – World War II Operation Overlord

6 June

The Battle of Normandy begins when Operation Overlord, commences with the landing of 155,000 Allied troops on the beaches of Normandy in France. The allied soldiers quickly break through the Atlantic Wall and push inland in the largest amphibious military operation in history. Continue reading “1944 – World War II Operation Overlord”

1916 -World War One the Battle of Jutland

31 May

The British Grand Fleet under the command of Admiral John Jellicoe, and Vice-Admiral David Beatty, engage the Imperial German Navy under the command of Vice-Admiral Reinhard Scheer and Vice-Admiral Franz von Hipper in the largest naval battle of the war, which proves indecisive.

Continue reading “1916 -World War One the Battle of Jutland”

1941 – Bismarck is sunk

27 May

Three days after sinking the British Battlecruiser Hood, the German Battleship Bismarck is pounded to a wreck by the British Battleships King George V and Rodney, forcing the crew of Bismarck to scuttle their ship.

Continue reading “1941 – Bismarck is sunk”

1941 – Battle of the Denmark Strait

24 May

A Second World War naval battle between the British battleship HMS Prince of Wales and the battlecruiser HMS Hood and the German battleship Bismarck and the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen, both of which were attempting to break out into the North Atlantic to attack Allied merchant shipping.

Continue reading “1941 – Battle of the Denmark Strait”

1618 – The Second Defenestration of Prague

23 May

Defenestration is the act of throwing someone or something out of a window. There were two incidents in the history of Bohemia in which multiple people were defenestrated. The first occurred in 1419 and the second in 1618, although the term “Defenestration of Prague” more commonly refers to the later incident.

Continue reading “1618 – The Second Defenestration of Prague”

1648 – The Treaty of Westphalia is signed

15 May

This was a series of peace treaties signed between May and October 1648 in the Westphalian cities of Osnabrück and Münster. These treaties ended the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648) in the Holy Roman Empire, and the Eighty Years’ War (1568–1648) between Spain and the Dutch Republic, with Spain formally recognizing the independence of the Dutch Republic. Continue reading “1648 – The Treaty of Westphalia is signed”

Reinheitsgebot is 500 years old

On the 23rd of April – Germany’s beer purity law the Reinheitsgebot turned 500 years old. Continue reading “Reinheitsgebot is 500 years old”

1945 – Battle of Bautzen

26 April

The Battle of Bautzen is the last successful German tank-offensive of the war and last noteworthy victory of the Wehrmacht. Continue reading “1945 – Battle of Bautzen”

1942 – The first V-2 rocket test launch

16 March

The V-2 (Vergeltungswaffe 2, “Retribution Weapon 2”), technical name Aggregat-4 (A-4), was the world’s first long-range guided ballistic missile. The missile with a liquid-propellant rocket engine was developed during the Second World War in Germany as a “vengeance weapon,” designed to attack Allied cities as retaliation for the Allied bombings against German cities. The V-2 rocket also became the first artificial object to cross the boundary of space with the vertical launch of V-177 on 20 June 1944. Continue reading “1942 – The first V-2 rocket test launch”

1915 – The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins

10 March

The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place during the First World War and was the first major operation undertaken by the British Army since the frontier battles of 1914. The offensive occurred in the Artois region of France and broke through at Neuve-Chapelle but the success could not be exploited. Continue reading “1915 – The Battle of Neuve Chapelle begins”

1152 – Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of Germany

4 March

Frederick I (1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa, was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on this day in 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152. He became King of Italy in 1155 and was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155. Two years later, the term sacrum (“holy”) first appeared in a document in connection with his Empire. He was later formally crowned King of Burgundy, at Arles on 30 June 1178. He got the name Barbarossa from the northern Italian cities he attempted to rule: Barbarossa means “red beard” in Italian; in German, he was known as Kaiser Rotbart, which has the same meaning. Continue reading “1152 – Frederick I Barbarossa is elected King of Germany”

1266 – Battle of Benevento

26 February

The Battle of Benevento was fought on this day in 1266 near Benevento, in present-day southern Italy. It was waged between the troops of Charles of Anjou and Manfred of Sicily. Manfred’s defeat and death resulted in the capture of the Kingdom of Sicily by Charles, effectively ending Hohenstaufen rule in Italy. Continue reading “1266 – Battle of Benevento”

1915 – World War One: the Battle of Dogger Bank

24 January

The Battle of Dogger Bank was a naval battle fought near the Dogger Bank in the North Sea on this day in 1915, during the First World War, between squadrons of the British Grand Fleet and the German High Seas Fleet. Continue reading “1915 – World War One: the Battle of Dogger Bank”

1899 – Opel manufactures its first automobile

21 January

Adam Opel AG is a German automobile manufacturer headquartered in Rüsselsheim, Hesse, Germany, and a subsidiary of General Motors Company. Continue reading “1899 – Opel manufactures its first automobile”

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