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History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History

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Colonial

1756 – The Black Hole of Calcutta

20 June

The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small dungeon in Fort William, in Calcutta, India, where troops of the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war after the Bengali army captured the fort on this day in 1756.

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1839 – Humen, China

3 June

Lin Tse-hsü destroys 1.2 million kg of opium confiscated from British merchants, providing Britain with a casus belli to open hostilities, resulting in the First Opium War. Continue reading “1839 – Humen, China”

1866-1871 The Fenian raids, Canada

The Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization who were based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland.

Continue reading “1866-1871 The Fenian raids, Canada”

1805 – Muhammad Ali becomes Wāli of Egypt

17 May

Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas’ud ibn Agha , born 4 March 1769, was an Ottoman Albanian who rose to rule Egypt and Sudan. Continue reading “1805 – Muhammad Ali becomes Wāli of Egypt”

1975 – India annexes Sikkim

16 May

India annexes Sikkim after the mountain state holds a referendum in which the popular vote is in favour of merging with India. Continue reading “1975 – India annexes Sikkim”

1885 – Battle of Cut Knife

2 May

Cree and Assiniboine warriors win the Battle of Cut Knife, their largest victory over Canadian forces during the North-West Rebellion.

Continue reading “1885 – Battle of Cut Knife”

1715 – The Yamasee War begins

14 April

The Yamasee War (1715–1717) was a conflict between British settlers of South Carolina and various Native American tribes, including the Yamasee and others. Some of the Native American Indian groups played a minor role while others launched attacks throughout South Carolina in an attempt to destroy the colony. Continue reading “1715 – The Yamasee War begins”

1603 – James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England and Ireland

24 March

James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on this day in 1603 until his death. The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union. Continue reading “1603 – James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England and Ireland”

1622 – Jamestown massacre

22 March

The Indian Massacre of 1622 took place in the English Colony of Virginia, in what now the United States, on this day in 1622. Continue reading “1622 – Jamestown massacre”

1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand

19 March

The First Taranaki War was an armed conflict over land ownership and sovereignty that took place between Māori and the New Zealand Government in the Taranaki district of New Zealand’s North Island from March 1860 to March 1861. Continue reading “1861 – The First Taranaki War ends in New Zealand”

1885 – The Fall of Khartoum

Fall of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. After a siege of almost a year from 13 March, 1884, to 26 January, 1885 the Mahdist army stormed the city. Continue reading “1885 – The Fall of Khartoum”

1884 – The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins

13 March

The Battle of Khartoum, Siege of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. Egypt had held the city for some time prior, but the siege that the Mahdists engineered and carried out from 13 March, 1884, to January 26, 1885 was enough to wrest control away from the Egyptian administration.  Continue reading “1884 – The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins”

1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established to support the war in Algeria

10 March

The French Foreign Legion was created by Louis Philippe, the King of the French, on this day in 1831 from the foreign regiments of the Kingdom of France. Recruits included soldiers from the recently disbanded Swiss and German foreign regiments of the Bourbon monarchy. The Royal Ordinance for the establishment of the new regiment specified that the foreigners recruited could only serve outside France. The French expeditionary force that had occupied Algiers in 1830 was in need of reinforcements and the Legion was accordingly transferred by sea in detachments from Toulon to Algeria. Continue reading “1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established to support the war in Algeria”

1804 – Castle Hill Rebellion

4 March

The Castle Hill Rebellion of 1804 was a rebellion by convicts against colonial authority in the Castle Hill area of the British colony of New South Wales. The rebellion culminated in a battle fought between convicts and the Colonial forces of Australia on 5 March 1804 at Rouse Hill, dubbed the Second Battle of Vinegar Hill after the first one of 1798 Battle of Vinegar Hill in Ireland. It was the first and only major convict uprising in Australian history suppressed under martial law. Continue reading “1804 – Castle Hill Rebellion”

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