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History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History

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Colonial

1756 – The Black Hole of Calcutta

20 June

The Black Hole of Calcutta was a small dungeon in Fort William, in Calcutta, India, where troops of the Nawab of Bengal, held British prisoners of war after the Bengali army captured the fort on this day in 1756.

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1839 – Humen, China

3 June

Lin Tse-hsü destroys 1.2 million kg of opium confiscated from British merchants, providing Britain with a casus belli to open hostilities, resulting in the First Opium War. Continue reading “1839 – Humen, China”

1866-1871 The Fenian raids, Canada

The Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization who were based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland.

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1805 – Muhammad Ali becomes Wāli of Egypt

17 May

Muhammad Ali Pasha al-Mas’ud ibn Agha , born 4 March 1769, was an Ottoman Albanian who rose to rule Egypt and Sudan. Continue reading “1805 – Muhammad Ali becomes Wāli of Egypt”

1975 – India annexes Sikkim

16 May

India annexes Sikkim after the mountain state holds a referendum in which the popular vote is in favour of merging with India. Continue reading “1975 – India annexes Sikkim”

1885 – Battle of Cut Knife

2 May

Cree and Assiniboine warriors win the Battle of Cut Knife, their largest victory over Canadian forces during the North-West Rebellion.

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1715 – The Yamasee War begins

14 April

The Yamasee War (1715–1717) was a conflict between British settlers of South Carolina and various Native American tribes, including the Yamasee and others. Some of the Native American Indian groups played a minor role while others launched attacks throughout South Carolina in an attempt to destroy the colony. Continue reading “1715 – The Yamasee War begins”

1603 – James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England and Ireland

24 March

James VI and I (19 June 1566 – 27 March 1625) was King of Scotland as James VI from 24 July 1567 and King of England and Ireland as James I from the union of the Scottish and English crowns on this day in 1603 until his death. The kingdoms of Scotland and England were individual sovereign states, with their own parliaments, judiciary, and laws, though both were ruled by James in personal union. Continue reading “1603 – James VI of Scotland becomes James I of England and Ireland”

1622 – Jamestown massacre

22 March

The Indian Massacre of 1622 took place in the English Colony of Virginia, in what now the United States, on this day in 1622. Continue reading “1622 – Jamestown massacre”

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