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Australia

1804 – Castle Hill Rebellion

4 March

The Castle Hill Rebellion of 1804 was a rebellion by convicts against colonial authority in the Castle Hill area of the British colony of New South Wales. The rebellion culminated in a battle fought between convicts and the Colonial forces of Australia on 5 March 1804 at Rouse Hill, dubbed the Second Battle of Vinegar Hill after the first one of 1798 Battle of Vinegar Hill in Ireland. It was the first and only major convict uprising in Australian history suppressed under martial law. Continue reading “1804 – Castle Hill Rebellion”

1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea

2 March

The Battle of the Bismarck Sea (2–4 March 1943) took place in the South West Pacific Area (SWPA) during World War II when aircraft of the U.S. Fifth Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) attacked a Japanese convoy carrying troops to Lae, New Guinea. Most of the task force was destroyed, and Japanese troop losses were heavy. Continue reading “1943 – World War II: Battle of the Bismarck Sea”

1942 – The Battle of Sunda Strait

28 February

The Battle of Sunda Strait was a naval battle which occurred during World War II in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra. Continue reading “1942 – The Battle of Sunda Strait”

1974 – Cyclone Tracy devastates Darwin, Australia

24 December

Cyclone Tracy was a tropical cyclone that devastated the city of Darwin, Northern Territory, Australia, from Christmas Eve to Christmas Day, 1974. Continue reading “1974 – Cyclone Tracy devastates Darwin, Australia”

1916 – WWI: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula

23 December

The Battle of Magdhaba took place on this day in 1916 during the Defence of Egypt section of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the First World War. The attack by the Anzac Mounted Division took place against an entrenched Ottoman Army garrison to the south and east of Bir Lahfan in the Sinai desert, some 18–25 miles (29–40 km) inland from the Mediterranean coast. This Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) victory against the Ottoman Empire garrison also secured the town of El Arish after the Ottoman garrison withdrew. Continue reading “1916 – WWI: Battle of Magdhaba – Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt’s Sinai Peninsula”

1915 – World War I: The last Australian troops are evacuated from Gallipoli

20 December

The evacuation was the best-executed segment of the entire Allied campaign. Suvla and Anzac  beaches were to be evacuated in late December, the last troops leaving before dawn on this day in 1915. Continue reading “1915 – World War I: The last Australian troops are evacuated from Gallipoli”

1900 – The Hopetoun Blunder: the first Prime minister of Australia

19 December

The Hopetoun Blunder was a political event immediately prior to the Federation of the British colonies in Australia. Continue reading “1900 – The Hopetoun Blunder: the first Prime minister of Australia”

2006 – First flight of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II

15 December

The Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II is a family of single-seat, single-engine, all-weather stealth multirole fighters undergoing final development and testing by the United States. Continue reading “2006 – First flight of the Lockheed Martin F-35 Lightning II”

1642 – Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand

13 December

Abel Janszoon Tasman (1603 – 10 October 1659) was a Dutch seafarer, explorer, and merchant, best known for his voyages of 1642 and 1644 in the service of the Dutch East India Company (VOC). He was the first known European explorer to reach the islands of Van Diemen’s Land (now Tasmania) and New Zealand, and to sight the Fiji islands. Continue reading “1642 – Abel Tasman reaches New Zealand”

1936 – Australian cricketer Jack Fingleton becomes the first player to score centuries in four consecutive Test innings

7 December

John “Jack” Henry Webb Fingleton OBE (28 April 1908 – 22 November 1981) was an Australian cricketer who was trained as a journalist and became a political and cricket commentator after the end of his playing career. Continue reading “1936 – Australian cricketer Jack Fingleton becomes the first player to score centuries in four consecutive Test innings”

1854 – Battle of the Eureka Stockade

3 December

The Eureka Stockade in 1854 was a rebellion of gold miners of Ballarat, Victoria, Australia, who revolted against the colonial authority of the United Kingdom. The Battle of the Eureka Stockade, was fought between miners and the Colonial forces of Australia on this day in 1854 at Eureka Lead and named for the stockade structure erected by miners during the conflict. The rebellion lasted for less than half an hour and resulted in the deaths of at least 27 people, the majority of whom were rebels. Continue reading “1854 – Battle of the Eureka Stockade”

1864 – Great Fire of Brisbane

1 December

The Great Fire of Brisbane was a major conflagration that swept through the central parts of Brisbane in the Colony of Queensland (now a state of Australia) on this day in 1864. Continue reading “1864 – Great Fire of Brisbane”

Western Australian Government deny Aboriginal site has heritage value

The Western Australian government says that a site where thousands of Aboriginal artefacts were discovered in the 1970’s Continue reading “Western Australian Government deny Aboriginal site has heritage value”

1975 – Papua New Guinea

16 September – On this day

Papua New Guinea gains independence from Australia on this day in 1975. Continue reading “1975 – Papua New Guinea”

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