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American Civil War

1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg – Day 3

3 July

The Battle of Gettysburg concludes (its third day) on this day in 1863, to the south of the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Meade’s Army of the Potomac defeats the final assaults by Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia, ending Lee’s attempt to invade the North. Continue reading “1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg – Day 3”

1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg – Day 2

2 July

The Battle of Gettysburg continues (its second day) on this day in 1863, now to the south of the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania. Continue reading “1863 – American Civil War: The Battle of Gettysburg – Day 2”

1866-1871 The Fenian raids, Canada

The Fenian raids of the Fenian Brotherhood, an Irish Republican organization who were based in the United States, on British army forts, customs posts and other targets in Canada, were fought to bring pressure on Britain to withdraw from Ireland.

Continue reading “1866-1871 The Fenian raids, Canada”

1862 – The Battle of Shiloh begins

6 April

The Battle of Shiloh, also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing, was a major battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought 6-7 April 1862, in south western Tennessee. Continue reading “1862 – The Battle of Shiloh begins”

1882 – Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford

3 April

Jesse Woodson James (5 September 1847 – 3 April 1882) was an American outlaw, guerilla, gang leader, bank robber, train robber, and murderer from the state of Missouri and the most famous member of the James-Younger Gang. Jesse and his brother Frank James were Confederate guerrillas or Bushwhackers during the Civil War. They were accused of participating in atrocities committed against Union soldiers, including the Centralia Massacre. After the war, as members of various gangs of outlaws, they robbed banks, stagecoaches, and trains. The James brothers were most active as members of their own gang from about 1866 until 1876, when as a result of their attempted robbery of a bank in Northfield, Minnesota, several members of the gang were captured or killed. They continued in crime for several years, recruiting new members, but were under increasing pressure from law enforcement. Continue reading “1882 – Jesse James is killed by Robert Ford”

1865 – Third Battle of Petersburg

2 April

The Third Battle of Petersburg, was fought on this day in 1865, south and southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, at the end of the 292-day Richmond–Petersburg Campaign (sometimes called the Siege of Petersburg) and in the beginning stage of the Appomattox Campaign near the conclusion of the American Civil War. Continue reading “1865 – Third Battle of Petersburg”

1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs

19 January

The Battle of Mill Springs was fought in Wayne and Pulaski counties, near current Nancy, Kentucky, on this day in 1862, as part of the American Civil War. The Union victory concluded an early Confederate offensive campaign in eastern Kentucky. Continue reading “1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Mill Springs”

1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government

4 January

Samuel Colt (19 July, 1814 – 10 January, 1862) was an American inventor and industrialist from Hartford, Connecticut. He founded Colt’s Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company (today, Colt’s Manufacturing Company), and made the mass production of the revolver commercially viable. Continue reading “1847 – Samuel Colt sells his first revolver pistol to the United States government”

1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River begins near Murfreesboro, Tennessee

31 December

The Battle of Stones River or Second Battle of Murfreesboro (in the South, simply the Battle of Murfreesboro), was fought from 31 December, 1862, to 2 January, 1863, in Middle Tennessee, as the culmination of the Stones River Campaign in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue reading “1862 – American Civil War: The Battle of Stones River begins near Murfreesboro, Tennessee”

1861 – American Civil War: The Trent Affair

26 December

The Trent Affair was an international diplomatic incident that occurred during the American Civil War. Continue reading “1861 – American Civil War: The Trent Affair”

1833 – Samuel Mudd, American physician is born (d. 1883)

20 December

Samuel Alexander Mudd (20 December, 1833 – 10 January, 1883) was an American physician who was imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth in the assassination of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln. Continue reading “1833 – Samuel Mudd, American physician is born (d. 1883)”

1864 – ACW: Battle of Nashville

15 December

The Battle of Nashville was a two-day battle in the Franklin-Nashville Campaign that represented the end of large-scale fighting in the Western Theater of the American Civil War. Continue reading “1864 – ACW: Battle of Nashville”

1862 – ACW: The Battle of Fredericksburg

11-15 December

The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought in 1862, in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia, between General Robert E. Lee’s Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General Ambrose Burnside. Continue reading “1862 – ACW: The Battle of Fredericksburg”

1862 – ACW: Battle of Prairie Grove

7 December

The Battle of Prairie Grove was a battle of the American Civil War fought on this day in 1862, that resulted in a tactical stalemate but essentially secured northwest Arkansas for the Union. Continue reading “1862 – ACW: Battle of Prairie Grove”

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