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Africa

1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt

24 May

The Fifth Crusade (1213–1221) was an attempt by Western Europeans to reacquire Jerusalem and the rest of the Holy Land by first conquering the powerful Ayyubid state in Egypt.

Continue reading “1218 – The Fifth Crusade leaves Acre for Egypt”

457 – Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army

1 April

A prominent general of the Late Roman army, Majorian deposed Emperor Avitus in 457 and succeeded him. Majorian was one of the last emperors to make a concerted effort to restore the Western Roman Empire. Possessing little more than Italy, Dalmatia, and some territory in northern Gaul, Majorian campaigned rigorously for three years against the Empire’s enemies. Continue reading “457 – Majorian is acclaimed emperor by the Roman army”

1885 – The Fall of Khartoum

Fall of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. After a siege of almost a year from 13 March, 1884, to 26 January, 1885 the Mahdist army stormed the city. Continue reading “1885 – The Fall of Khartoum”

1884 – The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins

13 March

The Battle of Khartoum, Siege of Khartoum was the conquest of Egyptian held Khartoum by the Mahdist forces led by Muhammad Ahmad. Egypt had held the city for some time prior, but the siege that the Mahdists engineered and carried out from 13 March, 1884, to January 26, 1885 was enough to wrest control away from the Egyptian administration.  Continue reading “1884 – The Siege of Khartoum, Sudan begins”

1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established to support the war in Algeria

10 March

The French Foreign Legion was created by Louis Philippe, the King of the French, on this day in 1831 from the foreign regiments of the Kingdom of France. Recruits included soldiers from the recently disbanded Swiss and German foreign regiments of the Bourbon monarchy. The Royal Ordinance for the establishment of the new regiment specified that the foreigners recruited could only serve outside France. The French expeditionary force that had occupied Algiers in 1830 was in need of reinforcements and the Legion was accordingly transferred by sea in detachments from Toulon to Algeria. Continue reading “1831 – The French Foreign Legion is established to support the war in Algeria”

1971 – Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda’s president

25 January

Idi Amin Dada (c. 1923-28 – 16 August 2003) was the third President of Uganda, ruling from 1971 to 1979. Continue reading “1971 – Idi Amin leads a coup deposing Milton Obote and becomes Uganda’s president”

1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke’s Drift

22 January

The Battle of Rorke’s Drift was a battle in the Anglo-Zulu War. The defence of the mission station of Rorke’s Drift, under the command of Lieutenant John Chard of the Royal Engineers, and Lieutenant Gonville Bromhead immediately followed the British Army’s defeat at the Battle of Isandlwana on 22 January 1879, and continued into the following day, 23 January. Continue reading “1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Rorke’s Drift”

1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana

22 January

The Battle of Isandlwana on this day in 1879 was the first major encounter in the Anglo–Zulu War between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Eleven days after the British commenced their invasion of Zululand in South Africa, a Zulu force of some 20,000 warriors attacked a portion of the British main column consisting of about 1,800 British, colonial and native troops and perhaps 400 civilians. Continue reading “1879 – Anglo-Zulu War: Battle of Isandlwana”

1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins

11 January

The Anglo-Zulu War was fought in 1879 between the British Empire and the Zulu Kingdom. Following Lord Carnarvon’s successful introduction of federation in Canada, it was thought that similar political effort, coupled with military campaigns, might succeed with the African kingdoms, tribal areas and Boer republics in South Africa. Continue reading “1879 – The Anglo-Zulu War begins”

1899 – Second Boer War: The Battle of Magersfontein

11 December

The Battle of Magersfontein was fought on this day in 1899, at Magersfontein near Kimberley on the borders of the Cape Colony and the independent republic of the Orange Free State. British forces under Lieutenant General Lord Methuen were advancing north along the railway line from the Cape in order to relieve the Siege of Kimberley, but their path was blocked at Magersfontein by a Boer force that was entrenched in the surrounding hills. The British had already fought a series of battles with the Boers, most recently at Modder River, where the advance was temporarily halted. Continue reading “1899 – Second Boer War: The Battle of Magersfontein”

1974 – Discovery of the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed “Lucy”

Lucy is the common name of AL 288-1, several hundred pieces of bone fossils representing 40 percent of the skeleton of a female of the hominin species Australopithecus afarensis. Lucy was discovered in 1974 near the village Hadar in the Awash Valley of the Afar Triangle in Ethiopia by paleoanthropologist Donald Johanson. Continue reading “1974 – Discovery of the 40% complete Australopithecus afarensis skeleton, nicknamed “Lucy””

1914 – Battle of El Herri

13 November

The Battle of El Herri was fought between France and the Berber Zaian Confederation on this day in 1914. It took place at the small settlement of El Herri, near Khénifra in the French protectorate in Morocco. Continue reading “1914 – Battle of El Herri”

1961 – Thirteen Italian UN peacekeepers are massacred during the Kindu atrocity in Congo

11 November

The Kindu massacre, took place on this day in 1961 in Kindu Port-Émpain, in the Belgian Congo where thirteen Italian airmen, members of the United Nations Operation in the Congo (ONUC), were murdered. Continue reading “1961 – Thirteen Italian UN peacekeepers are massacred during the Kindu atrocity in Congo”

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