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History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History

Month

November 2016

1859 – Billy the Kid, American criminal, born (alternative date)

On This Day – 23 November 1859

Henry McCarty (17 Sept 1859 – 14 July 1881), better known under the pseudonyms of Billy the Kid and William H. Bonney, was a 19th-century gunman who participated in the Lincoln County War and became a frontier outlaw in the American Old West. Continue reading “1859 – Billy the Kid, American criminal, born (alternative date)”

1963 – Doctor Who first appeared on Television

On This Day – 23 November 1963

The first episode of what would become the Doctor Who franchise aired in Britain. The first series consisted of four episodes aired over a period of four weeks and introduced William Hartnell as the first Doctor.

Continue reading “1963 – Doctor Who first appeared on Television”

1644 – John Milton publishes Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship

On This Day – 23 November 1644

Areopagitica; A speech of Mr. John Milton for the Liberty of Unlicenc’d Printing, to the Parlament of England is a 1644 prose polemical* tract by the English poet, scholar, and polemical author John Milton opposing licensing and censorship. Continue reading “1644 – John Milton publishes Areopagitica, a pamphlet decrying censorship”

1890 – Charles de Gaulle, French general and politician is born

On This Day – 22 November 1890

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 Nov 1890 – 9 Nov 1970) was a French general, resistant, writer and statesman. Continue reading “1890 – Charles de Gaulle, French general and politician is born”

1968 – The Beatles release ‘The Beatles’ (known as The White Album)

On This Day – 22 November 1968

The Beatles, also known as the White Album, is the ninth studio album by English rock group the Beatles, released on this day in 1968. A double album, its plain white sleeve has no graphics or text other than the band’s name embossed, and was intended as a direct contrast to the vivid cover artwork of the band’s earlier Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band. Continue reading “1968 – The Beatles release ‘The Beatles’ (known as The White Album)”

1941 – Sinking of the HMS Ark Royal

On This Day – 14 November 1941

The HMS Ark Royal was sunk

Commissioned in November 1938, the HMS Ark Royal was sunk less than three years later  on 14 November 1941 by the German U-81. The HMS Ark Royal was an innovative Royal Navy aircraft carrier serving during WWII, the first on which the flight deck and hangers were an integral part of the hull.

Continue reading “1941 – Sinking of the HMS Ark Royal”

Remembrance Day – End WWI

On This Day – 11 November 1918

After four years of warfare the German forces called for an Armistice. At 11 am on the 11th of November (the 11th month) 1918, hostilities ceased on the Western front.

Continue reading “Remembrance Day – End WWI”

1202 – The Crusader Siege of Zara

On This Day – 10 November 1202

The siege of Zara began. This was the first major action of the fourth crusade and the first attack against a Catholic city by Catholic crusaders. The attack was forbidden by Pope Innocent III who threatened the crusaders with excommunication.

Continue reading “1202 – The Crusader Siege of Zara”

The Women of Ancient Sparta

There is much speculation about the character of Spartan Women. They are often viewed as strong, determined and powerful. This perception stems from the ability they had to hold more rights and experience more privileges than Greek women of other city-states.

Continue reading “The Women of Ancient Sparta”

1512 – Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling opened to the public

On This Day – 1 November 1512

Pope Julius II celebrated All Saints Day mass in the Sistine chapel by allowing the public to see the ceiling painted by Michelangelo for the first time.

Continue reading “1512 – Michelangelo’s Sistine Chapel ceiling opened to the public”

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