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History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History

Month

July 2016

Weaponry of the Army of Phillip II of Macedon – the Sarissa

Phillip II of Macedon

The sarissa was a long pike used by the infantry of Phillip II (King of Macedonia 359 – 336BC).

Continue reading “Weaponry of the Army of Phillip II of Macedon – the Sarissa”

Constantine I Declared Emperor by his troops

 

26 July

Constantine I, also known as Constantine the Great became emperor on this day when acclaimed emperor by his troops. Whilst he was campaigning against the Picts in Britain with his father. Continue reading “Constantine I Declared Emperor by his troops”

1908 – The ‘birth’of what would become the FBI

26 July

United States Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte issues an order to immediately staff the Office of the Chief Examiner (later renamed the Federal Bureau of Investigation).

Continue reading “1908 – The ‘birth’of what would become the FBI”

1953 – Battle of the Samichon River

24-26 July

The Battle of the Samichon River was fought during the final days of the Korean War between United Nations (UN) forces—primarily Australian and American—and the Chinese communist People’s Volunteer Army. Continue reading “1953 – Battle of the Samichon River”

1943 – The Rayleigh bath chair murder

23 July

The Rayleigh bath chair murder occurred in Rayleigh, Essex, England in 1943 when  Archibald Brown, aged 47 was blown apart by an explosion. Continue reading “1943 – The Rayleigh bath chair murder”

1937 – FDR’s court-packing plan

22 July

The Judicial Procedures Reform Bill of 1937 or “court-packing plan” was a legislative initiative proposed by U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt to add more justices to the U.S. Supreme Court. Roosevelt’s purpose was to obtain favourable rulings regarding New Deal legislation that the court had ruled unconstitutional. Continue reading “1937 – FDR’s court-packing plan”

1894 – The Paris-Rouen motor race

22 July

Paris–Rouen, Le Petit Journal Horseless Carriages Contest, was a pioneering city-to-city motoring competition held on this day in 1894 which is sometimes described as the world’s first competitive motor race. Continue reading “1894 – The Paris-Rouen motor race”

1499 – Battle of Dornach

22 July

The Old Swiss Confederacy decisively defeat the army of Maximilian I, Holy Roman Emperor on this day in 1499 and establish a de facto independence of Switzerland from the Holy Roman Empire. Continue reading “1499 – Battle of Dornach”

1916 The Battle of Fromelles begins

NYTMapNeuveChapelle1915.png

19 July

Fromelles was the first major battle fought by Australians on the Western front. Fromelles saw British and Australian troops attack the German lines in a prelude to the battle of the Somme. Continue reading “1916 The Battle of Fromelles begins”

1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill

Halidon Hill.jpg

19 July

During the second Scottish war of Independence, the Scottish forces of Douglas suffered a decisive defeat at the hands of Edward III the king of England. Continue reading “1333 The Battle of Halidon Hill”

Roman Non-stick Cookware actually existed

A pottery dump discovered about 12 kilometres from Naples has shown that the Romans had and used non-stick cookware. Continue reading “Roman Non-stick Cookware actually existed”

AD 64 The Great Fire of Rome

18 July

On this day a fire that engulfed Rome for the next 6 days and destroyed many buildings was ignited. Some sources blame the emperor of the time, Nero, for starting the blaze. Continue reading “AD 64 The Great Fire of Rome”

Elgin Marbles controversy

When the British Empire ruled much of the world, many artifacts and artworks, including reliefs and statues from the Parthenon in Athens known as the Elgin Marbles, were taken to Britain. These have been a point of contention for sometime and are amongst the most controversial items held by the British Museum with the Greeks having requested their return. Continue reading “Elgin Marbles controversy”

100BC Julius Caesar born

13 July

It is believed that on this day in the year 100BC Julius Caesar was born. Continue reading “100BC Julius Caesar born”

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