15 April

The Battle of Formigny occurred on this day in 1450 near the end of the Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) between the crowns of England and France.

It took place near the village of Formigny on the  Carentan-Bayeux road, Normandy in northern France. The English force comprising some 5000+ soldiers (70% archers) took up a strong defensive position against about the same number of French soldiers who attacked the strong line without success. After three hours a large force of cavalry (1200) arrived from the south to support the French army and threatened the English flank. This caused the English to shift their forces, losing the advantage of the prepared position. Renewed attacks from the flank and front caused the English line to collapse and the army was annihilated. English power in northern France was broken and they lost all of the north except Calais.