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History Bytez

Byte Sized bits of History

Month

February 2016

1704 – Queen Anne’s War: Raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts

29 February

The 1704 Raid on Deerfield (or the Deerfield Massacre) occurred during Queen Anne’s War on this day, when French and Native American forces under the command of Jean-Baptiste Hertel de Rouville attacked the English frontier settlement at Deerfield, Massachusetts, just before dawn, burning part of the town, killing 47 villagers, and taking 112 settlers captive to Canada, of whom 60 were later redeemed. Continue reading “1704 – Queen Anne’s War: Raid on Deerfield, Massachusetts”

Genetics reveal 50,000 years of independent history of aboriginal Australian people

Modern humans arrived in Australia about 50,000 years ago. They were the earliest settlers outside of Africa forming the ancestors of present-day Aboriginal Australians. Continue reading “Genetics reveal 50,000 years of independent history of aboriginal Australian people”

1997 – The North Hollywood shootout takes place

28 February

The North Hollywood shootout, sometimes also called the Battle of North Hollywood, was an armed confrontation between two heavily armed and armoured bank robbers and members of the Los Angeles Police Department (LAPD) in the North Hollywood district of Los Angeles on this day in 1997. Both perpetrators were killed, eleven police officers and seven civilians were injured, and numerous vehicles and other property were damaged or destroyed by the approximately 1,750 rounds of ammunition fired by the robbers and police. Continue reading “1997 – The North Hollywood shootout takes place”

1983 – The final episode of M*A*S*H airs

28 February

“Goodbye, Farewell and Amen” was the final episode of M*A*S*H. Special television sets were placed in PX parking lots, auditoriums, and dayrooms of the U.S. Army in Korea so that military personnel could watch that episode, in spite of 14 hours’ time zone difference with the east coast of the U.S. The episode aired on this day in 1983, and was 2½ hours long. The episode got a Nielsen rating of 60.2 and 77 share and according to a New York Times article from 1983, the final episode of M*A*S*H had 125 million viewers. Continue reading “1983 – The final episode of M*A*S*H airs”

1942 – The Battle of Sunda Strait

28 February

The Battle of Sunda Strait was a naval battle which occurred during World War II in the Sunda Strait between the islands of Java and Sumatra. Continue reading “1942 – The Battle of Sunda Strait”

1893 – The USS Indiana is launched

28 February

USS Indiana (BB-1) was the lead ship of her class and the first battleship in the United States Navy comparable to foreign battleships of the time. Authorized in 1890 and commissioned five years later, she was a small battleship, though with heavy armour and ordnance. The ship also pioneered the use of an intermediate battery. She was designed for coastal defence and as a result her decks were not safe from high waves on the open ocean. Continue reading “1893 – The USS Indiana is launched”

1710 – The Battle of Helsingborg

28 February

The Battle of Helsingborg fought on this day in 1710, was Denmark’s failed and final attempt to regain the Scanian lands, lost to Sweden in 1658. Continue reading “1710 – The Battle of Helsingborg”

1829 – Battle of Tarqui is fought

27 February

The Battle of Tarqui, took place on this day in 1829 at Portete de Tarqui, near Cuenca, Ecuador. It was fought between troops from Gran Colombia, commanded by Antonio José de Sucre, and Peruvian troops under José de La Mar. It was a victory for Gran Colombia. Continue reading “1829 – Battle of Tarqui is fought”

380 – Edict of Thessalonica

27 February

The Edict of Thessalonica, also known as Cunctos populos, was issued on 27 February 380 AD. It ordered all subjects of the Roman Empire to profess the faith of the bishops of Rome and Alexandria, making Nicene Christianity the state religion of the Roman Empire. Continue reading “380 – Edict of Thessalonica”

Capture of Kaifeng

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On this day: 26 February AD 1233

The Mogols engaged in the Mongol -Jin war capture the city of Kaifeng the capital of the Jin Empire Continue reading “Capture of Kaifeng”

364 – Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor

26 February

Valentinian I (Flavius Valentinianus Augustus, 321 – 17 November 375), also known as Valentinian the Great, was Roman emperor from 364 to 375. Upon becoming emperor he made his brother Valens his co-emperor, giving him rule of the eastern provinces while Valentinian retained the west. Continue reading “364 – Valentinian I is proclaimed Roman Emperor”

1266 – Battle of Benevento

26 February

The Battle of Benevento was fought on this day in 1266 near Benevento, in present-day southern Italy. It was waged between the troops of Charles of Anjou and Manfred of Sicily. Manfred’s defeat and death resulted in the capture of the Kingdom of Sicily by Charles, effectively ending Hohenstaufen rule in Italy. Continue reading “1266 – Battle of Benevento”

1966 – Apollo program: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket

26 February

The Saturn IB (pronounced “one B”, also known as the Uprated Saturn I) was an American launch vehicle commissioned by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) for the Apollo program. It replaced the S-IV second stage of the Saturn I with the much more powerful S-IVB, able to launch a partially fueled Apollo Command/Service Module (CSM) or a fully fueled Lunar Module (LM) into low Earth orbit for early flight tests before the larger Saturn V needed for lunar flight was ready. Continue reading “1966 – Apollo program: Launch of AS-201, the first flight of the Saturn IB rocket”

On this day Hadrian adopts Pius

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On this day: 25 February AD 138

Hadrian the third of the so-called five good emperors adopted Antoninus Pius Continue reading “On this day Hadrian adopts Pius”

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