30 December

The Battle of Wakefield took place in Sandal Magna near Wakefield, in West Yorkshire in Northern England, on this day in 1460.

It was a major battle of the Wars of the Roses. The opposing forces were an army led by nobles loyal to the captive King Henry VI of the House of Lancaster, his Queen Margaret of Anjou and their seven-year-old son Edward, Prince of Wales on one side, and the army of Richard, Duke of York, the rival claimant to the throne, on the other.

The Duke of York, either through confusion, deception or rashness on the Duke’s part, marched his army out of a fortified position and became engaged by a much larger Lancastrian force (perhaps two to three times larger than his force). The Duke of York was killed and his army was destroyed.